Summer Color Summer Color

See how the lilies of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? Matthew 6:28-30 NIV

Summer Perennial Color

by Rod Smith

© 1999-2017 Rodney A. Smith
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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Perennials, Herbs & Houseplants

Low = under 15 inches, Medium = 15 inches to 30 inches, Tall = over 30 inches
PNP means that the perennial is included in the list of Portland Native Plants.

Low Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aegopodium podagraria variegata  1 6" X 30"   Low, dense mass of light green     
  Variegated Bishop's Weed    Med. Sun-Shade    leaves with white edges. Spreads.
Alchemilla mollis                3 15" X 1'   Scalloped leaves hold raindrops.   
  Lady's Mantle               Med. Sun-Part     Good cut greenish flowers in June
Artemisia species                3 1' X 2'    Silvery leaves in many shapes.     
  Wormwood                    Low  Sun          Yellow flowers in August.        
Aruncus dioicus                  4 1' X 1'    Native. Creamy white flowers in    
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June and July.                   
Aster tongolensis 'Wartburg'     5 1' X 1'    Violet flowers with golden orange  
  Wartburg Aster              Med. Sun          centers in June to September.    
Cerastium tomentosum             3 6" X 2'    Evergreen. Silvery gray leaves.    
  Snow-in-Summer              Med. Sun-Part     White flowers in early summer.   
Conradina verticillata           5 1' X 3'    Aromatic leaves. Lavender pink     
  Cumberland Rosemary         Med. Sun          flowers in June.                 
Convolvulus mauritanicus         7 5" X 2'    Evergreen. Lavender blue trumpet   
  Ground Morning Glory        Low  Sun-Part     flowers May to September.        
Corydalis lutea                  6 12" X 15"  Masses of gray-green divided leaves
  Corydalis                   High Part Shade   Yellow flowers June-August.      
Delosperma cooperi               6 4" X 18"   Evergreen. Succulent foliage with  
  Ice Plant                   Low  Sun          magenta daisies July to September
Diascia species                  7 10" X 2'   Low spreading plant with pink flo- 
  Twinspur                    Low  Sun-Part     wers from June to September.     
Erodium reichardii               6 5" X 1'    Evergreen. Tough low creeper with  
  Cranesbill                  Med. Sun-Part     many flowers May to October.     
Eschscholzia californica           1' X 2'    Yellow, pink, or white poppies all 
  California Poppy            Low  Sun          summer. Remove dead flowers.     
Fern, Athyrium nipponicum        4 10" X 15"  Deciduous. Green with silver-gray  
  Japanese Painted Fern       Med. Shade-Part   on burgandy stems.               
Gentiana species                 3 1' X 1'    Dark blue flowers in July to Sept. 
  Gentian                     High Sun          Needs good drainage & acid soil. 
Geum coccinium                   4 1' X 1'    Stems of red to copper flowers     
  Geum, Grecian Rose          Med. Sun-Part     above divided leaves in summer.  
Gomphrena globosa                4 10" X 1'   Rounded flower heads in red, purple
  Globe Amaranth              Med. Sun-Part     and white. Excellent dried.      
Goniolimon tataricum             4 1' X 1'    Many branched white flower-head in 
  German Statice              Low  Sun          July-August. Excellent dried.    
Grass, Acorus gramineus          5 12" X 18"  Grass-like leaves resembles tiny   
  Sweet Flag                  High Sun-Part     iris. Likes lots of water.       
Grass, Arrhenath. elatius bulb.  4 12" X 18"  Narrow leaves boldly edged with    
  Bulbous Oat Grass           Med. Sun-Part     white.                           
Grass, Hakonechloa macra         5 10" X 18"  Graceful slender leaves with gold  
  Japanese Forest Grass       High Shade        stripes. Spreads slowly.         
Grass, Scirpus cernuus           9 10" X 10"  Small white seed on tip of each    
  Fiber Optic Grass           High Sun-Part     blade.                           
Helianthemum nummularium         4 6" X 1'    Red, orange, yellow, pink, peach, &
  Sunrose                     Low  Sun          white flowers in June to August. 
Hypericum calycinum              7 12" X 2'   Evergreen. Large yellow flowers    
  St. Johns Wort              Med. Sun-Shade    in summer.                       
Lamium maculatum                 4 6" X 2'    Silver leaves. Pink or white       
  Deadnettle                  Med. Part Shade   flowers in May-July.             
Leptinella squalida              5 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Gray to black fern like 
  Brass Buttons               Med. Sun-Shade    leaves. Tolerates foot traffic.  
Liriope species                  5 15" X 18"  Clumps of grass-like leaves with   
  Lilyturf                    Med. Shade-Part   spikes of blue flowers July-Oct. 
Lysimachia nummularia            3 6" X 3'    Evergreen. Yellow flowers in       
  Creeping Jenny              High Shade-Part   summer. Good groundcover.        
Matricaria recutia                 8" X 1'    Fine cut fern-like leaves with     
  Feverfew, Chamomile         Low  Sun          white & yellow flowers June-July.
Muehlenbeckia axillaris          3 5" X 15"   Evergreen groundcover. Translucent 
  Creeping Wire Vine          Med. Sun-Part     white fruit with black seeds.    
Oenothera missouriensis          5 6" X 16"   Large, light yellow flowers May to 
  Missouri Primrose           Low  Sun-Part     September. Good groundcover.     
Ophiopogon japonicus             6 8" X 10"   Evergreen. Dark green tufts like   
  Mondo Grass                 Med. Sun-Shade    grass. Lilac flowers in summer.  
Ophiopogon planisca. 'Nigra'     5 10" X 2'   Evergreen. Glossy black leaves.    
  Black Mondo Grass           Med. Sun-Part     Lilac flowers in late summer.    
Potentilla verna nana            3 4" X 1'    Yellow flowers in summer.          
  Dwarf Potentilla            Med. Sun                                           
Pratia pedunculata               4 3" X 1'    Evergreen. Blue star-like flowers  
  Blue Star Creeper           Med. Sun-Part     in late spring and summer.       
Pulmonaria species               4 1' X 18"   Dark green leaves with white spots.
  Lungwort                    Med. Shade-Part   Deep blue flowers in June & July.
Salvia species                   7 1-3' X 2'  Narrow gray-green leaves. Fragrant 
  Garden Sage                 Low  Sun-Part     blue or pink flowers June-August.
Sedum species                    4 3" X 1'    Evergreen. Heat and drought resis- 
  Creeping Stonecrop          Low  Sun-Part     tant. White to purple flowers.   
Sempervivum species              4 6" X 12"   Rosettes of green and purple leaves
  Hen and Chicks              Low  Sun-Part     Red or yellow flowers in summer. 
Stachys byzantina                4 1' X 2'    Soft, white, wooly leaves. Small   
  Lamb's Ear                  Low  Sun-Part     purplish flower spikes in June.  
Syneilesis palmatum              3 18" X 18"  Umbrella of finely divided leaves.
  Shredded Umbrella Plant     Low  Shade-Part   Light pink flowers in June-July.
Thymus species                   4 4" X 1'    Aromatic leaves with tiny red to   
  Thyme                       Low  Sun-Part     blue flowers. Good groundcover.  
Trifolium repens 'Dark Dancer'   4 4" x 1'    Evergreen groundcover. Low mat with
  Dark Dancer Clover          Med. Sun-Part     dark spots on leaves. White flwrs
Tritelaia hyacinthina            4 15" X 15"  Native bulb. Clusters of white/pur-
  White Brodiaea              Med. Sun          plish flowers in June-July.      
Zauschneria species              3 5" X 18"   Deciduous. Orange scarlet flowers  
  California Fuchsia          Low  Sun-Part     in summer attract hummingbirds.  

Medium Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure 
Achillea millefolium             3 30" X 2'   Native. White, flat flowers in sum-
  common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer. Good cut/dried flowers.  PNP
Agapanthus africanus             7 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Stalks of blue or white 
  Lily Of The Nile            Low  Sun-Part     flowers in summer. Needs shelter.
Agastache species                6 2' X 1'    Attracts hummingbirds. Masses of   
  Hyssop                      Med. Sun-Part     red, pink or lavender flowers.   
Alstroemeria hybrids             8 2' X 3'    Orange yellow pink red and white   
  Peruvian Lily               Med. Part Sun     flowers June to July. Good cut.  
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery  
  Pearly Everlasting          High Sun          white flowers in late Summer. PNP
Anthemis tinctoria               4 2' X 2'    Pale yellow daisies in summer.     
  Hardy Marguerite Daisy      Med. Sun          Great cut flowers.               
Aquilegia formosa                3 2' X 2'    Native. Red flowers in May to Aug. 
  Red Columbine               Low  Part Sun     Attracts hummingbirds.        PNP
Asclepias tuberosa               4 2' X 3'    Bright orange flowers from July to 
  Butterfly Weed              Med. Sun          September. Attracts butterflies. 
Astilbe arendsii                 3 2' X 18"   Tall spikes of red pink or white   
  Astilbe                     High Sun-Shade    flowers from May to July.        
Astrantia major                  4 2' X 2'    Red, pink or white flowers in      
  Masterwort                  Med. Sun-Part     summer. Good cut or dried.       
Ballota nigra 'Archers Variety'  4 2' X 3'    Leaves have white streaks and spots
  Variegated Horehound        Low  Sun          Tiny purple flowers in summer.   
Campanula species                4 1-5' X 1'  Bell or star shaped flowers. Many  
  Bellflower                  High Shade-Part   forms and colors are available.  
Catananche caerulea              4 18" X 1'   Gray green leaves. Deep blue flo-  
  Cupid's Dart                Low  Sun          wers June to August. Good dried. 
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides      6 18" X 2'   Intense blue flowers from July to  
  Dwarf Plumbago              Med. Sun-Part     September. Reddish new leaves.   
Convolvulus cneorum              8 2' X 2'    Evergreen. White or light pink     
  Silver Bush Morn. Glory     Low  Sun-Part     trumpet flowers May to September.
Coreopsis species                4 18" X 18"  Profuse yellow daisies from June   
  Coreopsis, Tickseed         Low  Sun-Part     to September.                    
Cosmos atrosanguineus            8 2' X 2'    Deep brownish red flowers with     
  Chocolate Cosmos            Med. Sun          chocolate or vanilla fragrance.  
Dietes bicolor                   8 18" X 15"  Iris-like leaves with yellow and   
  African Iris                Med. Sun-Part     maroon flowers spring to fall.   
Erigeron species                 7 18" X 1'   Aster-like white, lavender or pink 
  Fleabane                    Med. Sun-Part     flowers August to frost. Native. 
Eryngium amethystinum            4 2' X 1'    Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or  
  Sea holly                   Low  Sun          amethyst flowers July to Sept.   
Erysimum linifolium              6 2' X 2'    Yellow to purple flowers all summer
  Wallflower                  Med. Sun-Part     long.                            
Eucomis comosa                   7 3' X 3'    Large, strap-like leaves with tall 
  Purple Pineapple Lily       Med. Sun-Part     bloom resembling a pineapple.    
Felicia amelloides               9 18" X 4'   Sky-blue, yellow-centered daisies  
  Blue Marguerite             Med. Sun          all summer. Fragrant leaves.     
Fern, Adiantum pedantum          2 18" X 18"  Fronds fork in finger-like pattern 
  Western Maidenhair Fern     High Shade-Part   on slender black stems.          
Fern, Blechnum spicant           7 2' X 2'    Low spreading sterile fronds and   
  Deer Fern                   Med. Shade        upright fertile fronds.       PNP
Fern, Dryopteris expansa         4 2' X 2'    Finely divided upright fronds die  
  Wood Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   down in winter.                  
Gaillardia grandiflora           3 2' X 2'    Daisy-like flowers of yellow, red, 
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          orange and maroon June to frost. 
Gaura lindheimeri                7 18" X 2'   Pink buds open into white flowers  
  Gaura                       Low  Sun          like white butterflies June-Sept.
Geranium species                 4 2' X 2'    Small to large cut leaves. White to
  Cranesbill Geranium         Med. Sun-Part     purple flowers in summer.        
Grass, Carex buchananii          5 2' X 3'    Grass-like clumps of reddish bronze
  Fox Red Curly Sedge         High Sun-Part     with curly tips. Moist soil.     
Grass, Carex testacea            6 16" X 1'   Fine blades turn almost orange in  
  Orange Sedge                High Sun-Shade    sun, olive green in shade.       
Grass, Deschampsia caespitosa    4 18" X 12"  Native. Dark green clump of grass. 
  Tufted Hair Grass           High Sun-Part     Seed stalks produce plantlets.PNP
Grass, Elymus glaucus            4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue grass.
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun          blue grass.                   PNP
Grass, Helictotrichon semperv.   4 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Mound of blue grass.    
  Blue Oat Grass              Med. Sun                                           
Grass, Imperata cylindr. 'Rubra' 5 18" X 18"  Top half of stems are blood red.   
  Japanese Blood Grass        Med. Sun-Part     Purplish in winter.              
Grass, Stipa tenuissima          7 2' X 2'    Deciduous. Soft, fine, bright green
  Mexican Feather Grass       Med. Sun          foliage.                         
Hosta species                    3 30" X 18"  Colorful leaves with tall stalks of
  Hosta                       Med. Shade-Part   lavender flowers. Bait for slugs.
Leucanthemum x superbum          4 2-4' X 2'  Large white single or double       
  Shasta Daisy                Med. Sun-Part     flowers May to October. Good cut.
Liatris spicata                  3 2' X 1'    Narrow plume of fluffy rose-purple 
  Spike Gayfeather            Low  Sun          flowers July-Sept. Excellent cut.
Limonium latifolium              4 2' X 18"   White and blue or pink flowers from
  Sea Lavender                Low  Sun          May to July. Needs good drainage.
Linum lewisii                    5 15" X 12"  Native. Delicate blue flowers on   
  Blue Flax                   Low  Sun          slender stalks. Drought tolerant.
Linum perenne                    5 18" X 12"  Profuse light blue flowers May to  
  Perennial blue flax         Low  Sun          September. Fern-like leaves.     
Lupinus hybrid                   3 30" X 18"  Stately flower spikes up to 1' from
  Hybrid Lupine               Med. Sun          June to August. Good cut flowers.
Monarda didyma                   4 2' X 18"   White, scarlet, or purple flowers  
  Bee balm, Bergamot          Med. Sun          June-August attract hummingbirds.
Parahebe perfoliata              7 2' X 3'    Evergreen. Bluish-gray foliage.    
  Digger's Speedwell          Med. Sun-Part     Blue-violet flowers May-August.  
Penstemon species                5 2' X 2'    Soft pink to deep purple flowers   
  Penstemon, Beard Tongue     Low  Sun          June-Sep. Attracts hummingbirds. 
Phlox paniculata                 4 2' X 2'    Many colors available, some with a 
  Summer Phlox                Any  Sun          contrasting eye.                 
Polemonium caeruleum             4 2' X 1'    Clusters of sky blue flowers above 
  Jacob's Ladder              High Sun-Shade    ladder-like leaves June to August
Rudbeckia hirta                  3 30" X 2'   Large yellow flowers with brown    
  Black Eyed Susan            Med. Sun          center from June to October.     
Santolina chamaecyparissus       7 18" X 2'   Silvery-gray, finely divided leaves
  Lavender Cotton             Low  Sun          are fragrant when crushed.       
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. Good cut or dried.        
Solidago species                 5 2' X 18"   Large clusters of golden yellow    
  Goldenrod                   Med. Sun-Part     flowers July to October.         
Stokesia laevis                  5 18" X 18"  Aster-like flowers of blue, violet,
  Stokes Aster                Med. Sun          or white in June to September.   
Syneilesis palmata               5 18" X 18"  Umbrella of finely divided leaves.
  Shredded Umbrella Plant     Low  Shade-Part   Light pink flowers in June-July.
Tanacetum coccineum              5 30" x 18"  Pink to red daisies in June-July.  
  Painted Daisy               Med. Sun          Natural insecticide.             
Tradescantia virginiana          3 18" X 18"  Arching branches with white or blue
  Spiderwort                  High Part Shade   flowers in summer.               
Veronica species                 4 2' X 1'    Deep blue or red flower spikes.    
  Speedwell                   Med. Sun-Part     'Red Fox' is good for cut flowers

Tall Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Acanthus mollis                  6 3' X 3'    Large, shiny green leaves. Spike   
  Grecian Pattern Plant       Med. Sun-Part     of lilac or rose flowers in June.
Achillea species                 3 3' X 2'    Yellow or pastel flowers heads in  
  Yarrow                      Low  Sun-part     June-Sept. Good cut or dried.    
Aconitum napellus                3 4' X 18"   Blue or soft pink helmet-shaped    
  Monkshood                   High Sun-Part     flowers July-August. Poisonous.  
Alcea rosea                      3 5' X 2'    Biennial. Old fashioned favorite   
  Hollyhock                   Med. Sun          now in many colors July-August.  
Allium giganteum                 4 5' X 1'    Bulb. Ball-like clusters of lilac  
  Giant Allium                Med. Sun          flowers in July.                 
Baptisia australis               4 3' X 4'    Spikes of small indigo blue flowers
  False Indigo                Low  Sun          in summer. Attractive seeds.     
Brugmansia species (Datura)      8 3-8'X 3-8' Tender perennial needs protection. 
  Angel's Trumpet             Med. Sun-Shade    Large, fragrant white flowers.   
Canna species                    7 3-6' X 2'  Tall stalk with large leaves and   
  Canna                       Med. Sun          many colored flowers.            
Centranthus ruber                4 3' X 18"   Rosy red flowers from June to Sept.
  Jupiter's Beard             Low  Sun-Part     Good cut flowers. Needs drainage.
Cimicifuga racemosa              4 6' X 3'    Spikes of white flowers from July  
  Bugbane, Black Cohosh       High Shade-Part   to Oct. Seed clusters good dried.
Crocosmia crocosmiliflora        4 3' X 18"   Strings of orange-crimson flowers  
  Montbretia                  Low  Sun          in July and August. Good cut.    
Cynara cardunculus               7 5' X 4'    Large, toothed silvery leaves. Blue
  Cardoon                     Med. Sun          violet flowers July-September.   
Dahlia hybrids                   8 2-6'X 2-4' Tuber. Many colors and forms. Dig  
  Dahlia                      Med. Sun-Part     or cover with mulch in the Fall. 
Echinacea purpurea               4 2' X 3'    Showy flowers of drooping purple   
  Purple Coneflower           Med. Sun-Part     petals in summer.                
Echinops exaltatus               4 3' X 1'    Coarse, prickly, gray-green leaves.
  Globe thistle               Med. Sun          Steel blue flowers July to Sept. 
Eupatorium maculatum             4 5' X 3'    Narrow leaves with showy chartreuse
  Joe Pye Weed                Med. Sun-Part     bracts. Blooms from July to Sept.
Fern, Athyrium filix-femina      4 2' X 2'    Fine double cut leaves arch up and 
  Lady Fern                   Med. Shade        out.                          PNP
Fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris  4 3' X 2'    Tall deciduous fronds with shorter 
  Ostrich Fern                High Shade-Part   evergreen fronds.                
Fern, Osmunda cinnamomea         4 4' X 3'    Long bluish-green and reddish-brown
  Cinnamon Fern               High Shade        fronds emerge in spring.         
Fern, Osmunda regalis            4 4' X 4'    Large, handsome fronds die down in 
  Royal Fern                  High Shade        winter.                          
Filipendula palmata              4 3' X 2'    Tiny pink flowers in tall umbels,  
  Siberian Meadowsweet        Med. Sun-Shade    June to August. Good cut.        
Fuchsia magellanica              4 3' X 3'    Native. Red, white and violet flow-
  Hardy Fuchsia               High Part Shade   ers on rounded bush July to frost
Grass, Stipa gigantea            6 6' X 6'    Clumps of 3' leaves with 6' tall   
  Giant Feather Grass         Med. Sun          and wide yellowish seed heads.   
Gunnera manicata                 7 8' X 6'    Huge leaves with prominent veins.  
  Dinosaur Plant              High Part shade   Tiny red fruit. Needs rich soil. 
Gypsophila paniculata            4 3' X 3'    Tiny pink flowers on branched stems
  Baby's Breath               Med. Sun          July to October. Good cut.       
Helenium autumnale               4 3' X 3'    Daisy-like flowers of red, yellow, 
  Sneezeweed                  Low  Sun          copper Summer to early Fall.     
Helianthus species               4 5' X 2'    Tall stalk with yellow flowers from
  Sunflower                   High Sun          July to September. Good cut.     
Heliopsis helianthoides          3 3' X 3'    Deciduous. Large yellow flowers in 
  Ox Eye                      High Sun          summer. Needs well drained soil. 
Heliotropium arborescens         9 4' X 4'    Tender perennial. Very fragrant    
  Heliotrope                  High Sun-Part     blue flowers in summer.          
Hemerocallis hybrids             3 3' X 2'    Yellow orange bronze red or white  
  Daylily                     Med. Sun          flowers May to October. Easy care
Hibiscus moscheutos              4 5' X 5'    8" red, pink, rose or white flowers
  Rose Mallow                 Med. Sun          from June until frost.           
Kirengeshoma palmata             4 4' X 3'    Palmate leaves with yellow flowers 
  Yellow Waxbells             Med. Shade-Part   in August.                       
Kniphofia uvaria                 6 3' X 2'    Spikes of orange-red flowers June  
  Red Hot Poker               Low  Sun          to August. Attracts hummingbirds.
Lavandula species                6 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Gray leaves with fra-   
  Lavender                    Low  Sun          grant lavender flowers July-Aug. 
Lavatera thuringiaca             6 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Hollyhock like pink     
  Tree Mallow                 Low  Sun          flowers all summer.              
Ligularia dentata                4 3' X 30"   Large heart-shaped red leaves with 
  Golden Ray                  Med. Shade-Part   yellow flowers August to Sept.   
Lilium asiatic hybrids           4 3' X 18"   Many colors of very fragrant       
  Asian Lily                  Med. Sun          flowers in late summer. Good cut.
Linaria purpurea                   3' X 1'    Purple snapdragon-like flowers all 
  Toadflax                    Med. Sun          summer and fall.                 
Lobelia cardinalis               5 3' X 1'    Flame red flowers in June-July at- 
  Cardinal Flower             Med. Sun          tract hummingbirds & butterflies.
Meconopsis betonicifolia         4 3' X 18"   Sky blue poppies on a tall leafy   
  Himalayan Blue Poppy        Med. Shade-Part   stem in June to July.            
Nepeta faassenii                 4 3' X 2'    Violet blue flowers above blue-gray
  Catmint                     Low  Sun-Part     leaves July to September.        
Papaver orientalis               3 3' X 18"   Large hairy divided leaves. 3-6"   
  Oriental Poppy              Low  Sun-Part     flowers in May to June.          
Perovskia atriplicifolia         5 4' X 3'    Gray-green leaves. Violet blue     
  Russian Sage                Low  Sun          flower spikes July to Sept.      
Phlomis fruticosa                6 4' X 3'    Silver-gray leaves. Yellow flowers 
  Jerusalem Sage              Low  Sun          attract bees and butterflies.    
Phormium tenax                   8 2-5' X 8'  Dramatic clumps of straplike leaves
  New Zealand Flax            Any  Sun-Part     with red flowers. Salt tolerant. 
Phygelius capensis               7 3' X 3'    Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular 
  Cape Fuchsia                Low  Sun-Shade    flowers all summer.              
Physostegia virginiana           3 3' X 2'    Tall spikes of pink or white flow- 
  Obedient Plant              Med. Sun-Part     ers in late summer.              
Platycodon grandiflorus          4 3' X 2'    Balloon-like buds open to blue pink
  Baloon Flower               Med. Part Shade   or white flowers June to August. 
Plumbago auriculata              9 5' X 8'    Semievergreen. White to blue       
  Cape Plumbago               Low  Sun          flowers April until frost.       
Ratibida pinnata                 4 4' X 2'    Yellow ray flowers with brown cen- 
  Prairie Coneflower          Med. Sun          ters.                            
Romneya coulteri                 4 6' X 3'    Fragrant large white flowers May   
  Matilija Poppy              Low  Sun          to July. Good cut flowers.       
Senecio greyi                    8 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Silvery leaves with     
  Daisy Bush                  Low  Sun          yellow daisy flowers in summer.  
Sidalcea malviflora              6 3' X 2'    Pink or red flowers resemble holly-
  Checkerbloom                Med. Sun-Part     hocks. Attracts hummingbirds.    
Verbascum species                5 3' X 1'    White wooly leaves. Yellow or      
  Mullein                     Low  Sun-Part     purple flowers in summer.        
Xerophyllum tenax                3 5' X 3"    Native evergreen. Grass like leaves
  Beargrass                   Low  Sun-Part     and creamy plume flowers.        

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