See how the lilies of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? Matthew 6:28-30 NIV
Low = under 15 inches, Medium = 15 inches to 30 inches, Tall = over 30 inches
Scientific name USDA Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure Aegopodium podagraria variegata 1 6" X 30" Low, dense mass of light green Variegated Bishop's Weed Med. Sun-Shade leaves with white edges. Spreads. Alchemilla mollis 3 15" X 1' Scalloped leaves hold raindrops. Lady's Mantle Med. Sun-Part Good cut greenish flowers in June Artemisia species 3 1' X 2' Silvery leaves in many shapes. Wormwood Low Sun Yellow flowers in August. Aruncus dioicus 4 1' X 1' Native. Creamy white flowers in Goatsbeard Med. Shade-Part June and July. Aster tongolensis 'Wartburg' 5 1' X 1' Violet flowers with golden orange Wartburg Aster Med. Sun centers in June to September. Cerastium tomentosum 3 6" X 2' Evergreen. Silvery gray leaves. Snow-in-Summer Med. Sun-Part White flowers in early summer. Conradina verticillata 5 1' X 3' Aromatic leaves. Lavender pink Cumberland Rosemary Med. Sun flowers in June. Convolvulus mauritanicus 7 5" X 2' Evergreen. Lavender blue trumpet Ground Morning Glory Low Sun-Part flowers May to September. Corydalis lutea 6 12" X 15" Masses of gray-green divided leaves Corydalis High Part Shade Yellow flowers June-August. Delosperma cooperi 6 4" X 18" Evergreen. Succulent foliage with Ice Plant Low Sun magenta daisies July to September Diascia species 7 10" X 2' Low spreading plant with pink flo- Twinspur Low Sun-Part wers from June to September. Erodium reichardii 6 5" X 1' Evergreen. Tough low creeper with Cranesbill Med. Sun-Part many flowers May to October. Eschscholzia californica 1' X 2' Yellow, pink, or white poppies all California Poppy Low Sun summer. Remove dead flowers. Fern, Athyrium nipponicum 4 10" X 15" Deciduous. Green with silver-gray Japanese Painted Fern Med. Shade-Part on burgandy stems. Gentiana species 3 1' X 1' Dark blue flowers in July to Sept. Gentian High Sun Needs good drainage & acid soil. Geum coccinium 4 1' X 1' Stems of red to copper flowers Geum, Grecian Rose Med. Sun-Part above divided leaves in summer. Gomphrena globosa 4 10" X 1' Rounded flower heads in red, purple Globe Amaranth Med. Sun-Part and white. Excellent dried. Goniolimon tataricum 4 1' X 1' Many branched white flower-head in German Statice Low Sun July-August. Excellent dried. Grass, Acorus gramineus 5 12" X 18" Grass-like leaves resembles tiny Sweet Flag High Sun-Part iris. Likes lots of water. Grass, Arrhenath. elatius bulb. 4 12" X 18" Narrow leaves boldly edged with Bulbous Oat Grass Med. Sun-Part white. Grass, Hakonechloa macra 5 10" X 18" Graceful slender leaves with gold Japanese Forest Grass High Shade stripes. Spreads slowly. Grass, Scirpus cernuus 9 10" X 10" Small white seed on tip of each Fiber Optic Grass High Sun-Part blade. Helianthemum nummularium 4 6" X 1' Red, orange, yellow, pink, peach, & Sunrose Low Sun white flowers in June to August. Hypericum calycinum 7 12" X 2' Evergreen. Large yellow flowers St. Johns Wort Med. Sun-Shade in summer. Lamium maculatum 4 6" X 2' Silver leaves. Pink or white Deadnettle Med. Part Shade flowers in May-July. Leptinella squalida 5 1" X 1' Evergreen. Gray to black fern like Brass Buttons Med. Sun-Shade leaves. Tolerates foot traffic. Liriope species 5 15" X 18" Clumps of grass-like leaves with Lilyturf Med. Shade-Part spikes of blue flowers July-Oct. Lysimachia nummularia 3 6" X 3' Evergreen. Yellow flowers in Creeping Jenny High Shade-Part summer. Good groundcover. Matricaria recutia 8" X 1' Fine cut fern-like leaves with Feverfew, Chamomile Low Sun white & yellow flowers June-July. Muehlenbeckia axillaris 3 5" X 15" Evergreen groundcover. Translucent Creeping Wire Vine Med. Sun-Part white fruit with black seeds. Oenothera missouriensis 5 6" X 16" Large, light yellow flowers May to Missouri Primrose Low Sun-Part September. Good groundcover. Ophiopogon japonicus 6 8" X 10" Evergreen. Dark green tufts like Mondo Grass Med. Sun-Shade grass. Lilac flowers in summer. Ophiopogon planisca. 'Nigra' 5 10" X 2' Evergreen. Glossy black leaves. Black Mondo Grass Med. Sun-Part Lilac flowers in late summer. Potentilla verna nana 3 4" X 1' Yellow flowers in summer. Dwarf Potentilla Med. Sun Pratia pedunculata 4 3" X 1' Evergreen. Blue star-like flowers Blue Star Creeper Med. Sun-Part in late spring and summer. Pulmonaria species 4 1' X 18" Dark green leaves with white spots. Lungwort Med. Shade-Part Deep blue flowers in June & July. Salvia species 7 1-3' X 2' Narrow gray-green leaves. Fragrant Garden Sage Low Sun-Part blue or pink flowers June-August. Sedum species 4 3" X 1' Evergreen. Heat and drought resis- Creeping Stonecrop Low Sun-Part tant. White to purple flowers. Sempervivum species 4 6" X 12" Rosettes of green and purple leaves Hen and Chicks Low Sun-Part Red or yellow flowers in summer. Stachys byzantina 4 1' X 2' Soft, white, wooly leaves. Small Lamb's Ear Low Sun-Part purplish flower spikes in June. Thymus species 4 4" X 1' Aromatic leaves with tiny red to Thyme Low Sun-Part blue flowers. Good groundcover. Trifolium repens 'Dark Dancer' 4 4" x 1' Evergreen groundcover. Low mat with Dark Dancer Clover Med. Sun-Part dark spots on leaves. White flwrs Tritelaia hyacinthina 4 15" X 15" Native bulb. Clusters of white/pur- White Brodiaea Med. Sun plish flowers in June-July. Zauschneria species 3 5" X 18" Deciduous. Orange scarlet flowers California Fuchsia Low Sun-Part in summer attract hummingbirds.
Scientific name USDA Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure Achillea millefolium 3 30" X 2' Native. White, flat flowers in sum- common Yarrow Low Sun-Part mer. Good cut/dried flowers. PNP Agapanthus africanus 7 2' X 2' Evergreen. Stalks of blue or white Lily Of The Nile Low Sun-Part flowers in summer. Needs shelter. Agastache species 6 2' X 1' Attracts hummingbirds. Masses of Hyssop Med. Sun-Part red, pink or lavender flowers. Alstroemeria hybrids 8 2' X 3' Orange yellow pink red and white Peruvian Lily Med. Part Sun flowers June to July. Good cut. Anaphalis margaritacea 3 2' X 1' Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery Pearly Everlasting High Sun white flowers in late Summer. PNP Anthemis tinctoria 4 2' X 2' Pale yellow daisies in summer. Hardy Marguerite Daisy Med. Sun Great cut flowers. Aquilegia formosa 3 2' X 2' Native. Red flowers in May to Aug. Red Columbine Low Part Sun Attracts hummingbirds. PNP Asclepias tuberosa 4 2' X 3' Bright orange flowers from July to Butterfly Weed Med. Sun September. Attracts butterflies. Astilbe arendsii 3 2' X 18" Tall spikes of red pink or white Astilbe High Sun-Shade flowers from May to July. Astrantia major 4 2' X 2' Red, pink or white flowers in Masterwort Med. Sun-Part summer. Good cut or dried. Ballota nigra 'Archers Variety' 4 2' X 3' Leaves have white streaks and spots Variegated Horehound Low Sun Tiny purple flowers in summer. Campanula species 4 1-5' X 1' Bell or star shaped flowers. Many Bellflower High Shade-Part forms and colors are available. Catananche caerulea 4 18" X 1' Gray green leaves. Deep blue flo- Cupid's Dart Low Sun wers June to August. Good dried. Ceratostigma plumbaginoides 6 18" X 2' Intense blue flowers from July to Dwarf Plumbago Med. Sun-Part September. Reddish new leaves. Convolvulus cneorum 8 2' X 2' Evergreen. White or light pink Silver Bush Morn. Glory Low Sun-Part trumpet flowers May to September. Coreopsis species 4 18" X 18" Profuse yellow daisies from June Coreopsis, Tickseed Low Sun-Part to September. Cosmos atrosanguineus 8 2' X 2' Deep brownish red flowers with Chocolate Cosmos Med. Sun chocolate or vanilla fragrance. Dietes bicolor 8 18" X 15" Iris-like leaves with yellow and African Iris Med. Sun-Part maroon flowers spring to fall. Erigeron species 7 18" X 1' Aster-like white, lavender or pink Fleabane Med. Sun-Part flowers August to frost. Native. Eryngium amethystinum 4 2' X 1' Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or Sea holly Low Sun amethyst flowers July to Sept. Erysimum linifolium 6 2' X 2' Yellow to purple flowers all summer Wallflower Med. Sun-Part long. Eucomis comosa 7 3' X 3' Large, strap-like leaves with tall Purple Pineapple Lily Med. Sun-Part bloom resembling a pineapple. Felicia amelloides 9 18" X 4' Sky-blue, yellow-centered daisies Blue Marguerite Med. Sun all summer. Fragrant leaves. Fern, Adiantum pedantum 2 18" X 18" Fronds fork in finger-like pattern Western Maidenhair Fern High Shade-Part on slender black stems. Fern, Blechnum spicant 7 2' X 2' Low spreading sterile fronds and Deer Fern Med. Shade upright fertile fronds. PNP Fern, Dryopteris expansa 4 2' X 2' Finely divided upright fronds die Wood Fern Med. Shade-Part down in winter. Gaillardia grandiflora 3 2' X 2' Daisy-like flowers of yellow, red, Blanket Flower Low Sun orange and maroon June to frost. Gaura lindheimeri 7 18" X 2' Pink buds open into white flowers Gaura Low Sun like white butterflies June-Sept. Geranium species 4 2' X 2' Small to large cut leaves. White to Cranesbill Geranium Med. Sun-Part purple flowers in summer. Grass, Carex buchananii 5 2' X 3' Grass-like clumps of reddish bronze Fox Red Curly Sedge High Sun-Part with curly tips. Moist soil. Grass, Carex testacea 6 16" X 1' Fine blades turn almost orange in Orange Sedge High Sun-Shade sun, olive green in shade. Grass, Deschampsia caespitosa 4 18" X 12" Native. Dark green clump of grass. Tufted Hair Grass High Sun-Part Seed stalks produce plantlets.PNP Grass, Elymus glaucus 4 2' X 2' Native. Dense clumps of blue grass. Blue Wild Rye Low Sun blue grass. PNP Grass, Helictotrichon semperv. 4 2' X 2' Evergreen. Mound of blue grass. Blue Oat Grass Med. Sun Grass, Imperata cylindr. 'Rubra' 5 18" X 18" Top half of stems are blood red. Japanese Blood Grass Med. Sun-Part Purplish in winter. Grass, Stipa tenuissima 7 2' X 2' Deciduous. Soft, fine, bright green Mexican Feather Grass Med. Sun foliage. Hosta species 3 30" X 18" Colorful leaves with tall stalks of Hosta Med. Shade-Part lavender flowers. Bait for slugs. Leucanthemum x superbum 4 2-4' X 2' Large white single or double Shasta Daisy Med. Sun-Part flowers May to October. Good cut. Liatris spicata 3 2' X 1' Narrow plume of fluffy rose-purple Spike Gayfeather Low Sun flowers July-Sept. Excellent cut. Limonium latifolium 4 2' X 18" White and blue or pink flowers from Sea Lavender Low Sun May to July. Needs good drainage. Linum lewisii 5 15" X 12" Native. Delicate blue flowers on Blue Flax Low Sun slender stalks. Drought tolerant. Linum perenne 5 18" X 12" Profuse light blue flowers May to Perennial blue flax Low Sun September. Fern-like leaves. Lupinus hybrid 3 30" X 18" Stately flower spikes up to 1' from Hybrid Lupine Med. Sun June to August. Good cut flowers. Monarda didyma 4 2' X 18" White, scarlet, or purple flowers Bee balm, Bergamot Med. Sun June-August attract hummingbirds. Parahebe perfoliata 7 2' X 3' Evergreen. Bluish-gray foliage. Digger's Speedwell Med. Sun-Part Blue-violet flowers May-August. Penstemon species 5 2' X 2' Soft pink to deep purple flowers Penstemon, Beard Tongue Low Sun June-Sep. Attracts hummingbirds. Phlox paniculata 4 2' X 2' Many colors available, some with a Summer Phlox Any Sun contrasting eye. Polemonium caeruleum 4 2' X 1' Clusters of sky blue flowers above Jacob's Ladder High Sun-Shade ladder-like leaves June to August Rudbeckia hirta 3 30" X 2' Large yellow flowers with brown Black Eyed Susan Med. Sun center from June to October. Santolina chamaecyparissus 7 18" X 2' Silvery-gray, finely divided leaves Lavender Cotton Low Sun are fragrant when crushed. Scabiosa columbaria 5 18" X 18" Blue, pink or white flowers June to Pincushion Low Sun-Part frost. Good cut or dried. Solidago species 5 2' X 18" Large clusters of golden yellow Goldenrod Med. Sun-Part flowers July to October. Stokesia laevis 5 18" X 18" Aster-like flowers of blue, violet, Stokes Aster Med. Sun or white in June to September. Tanacetum coccineum 5 30" x 18" Pink to red daisies in June-July. Painted Daisy Med. Sun Natural insecticide. Tradescantia virginiana 3 18" X 18" Arching branches with white or blue Spiderwort High Part Shade flowers in summer. Veronica species 4 2' X 1' Deep blue or red flower spikes. Speedwell Med. Sun-Part 'Red Fox' is good for cut flowers
Scientific name USDA Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure Acanthus mollis 6 3' X 3' Large, shiny green leaves. Spike Grecian Pattern Plant Med. Sun-Part of lilac or rose flowers in June. Achillea species 3 3' X 2' Yellow or pastel flowers heads in Yarrow Low Sun-part June-Sept. Good cut or dried. Aconitum napellus 3 4' X 18" Blue or soft pink helmet-shaped Monkshood High Sun-Part flowers July-August. Poisonous. Alcea rosea 3 5' X 2' Biennial. Old fashioned favorite Hollyhock Med. Sun now in many colors July-August. Allium giganteum 4 5' X 1' Bulb. Ball-like clusters of lilac Giant Allium Med. Sun flowers in July. Baptisia australis 4 3' X 4' Spikes of small indigo blue flowers False Indigo Low Sun in summer. Attractive seeds. Brugmansia species (Datura) 8 3-8'X 3-8' Tender perennial needs protection. Angel's Trumpet Med. Sun-Shade Large, fragrant white flowers. Canna species 7 3-6' X 2' Tall stalk with large leaves and Canna Med. Sun many colored flowers. Centranthus ruber 4 3' X 18" Rosy red flowers from June to Sept. Jupiter's Beard Low Sun-Part Good cut flowers. Needs drainage. Cimicifuga racemosa 4 6' X 3' Spikes of white flowers from July Bugbane, Black Cohosh High Shade-Part to Oct. Seed clusters good dried. Crocosmia crocosmiliflora 4 3' X 18" Strings of orange-crimson flowers Montbretia Low Sun in July and August. Good cut. Cynara cardunculus 7 5' X 4' Large, toothed silvery leaves. Blue Cardoon Med. Sun violet flowers July-September. Dahlia hybrids 8 2-6'X 2-4' Tuber. Many colors and forms. Dig Dahlia Med. Sun-Part or cover with mulch in the Fall. Echinacea purpurea 4 2' X 3' Showy flowers of drooping purple Purple Coneflower Med. Sun-Part petals in summer. Echinops exaltatus 4 3' X 1' Coarse, prickly, gray-green leaves. Globe thistle Med. Sun Steel blue flowers July to Sept. Eupatorium maculatum 4 5' X 3' Narrow leaves with showy chartreuse Joe Pye Weed Med. Sun-Part bracts. Blooms from July to Sept. Fern, Athyrium filix-femina 4 2' X 2' Fine double cut leaves arch up and Lady Fern Med. Shade out. PNP Fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris 4 3' X 2' Tall deciduous fronds with shorter Ostrich Fern High Shade-Part evergreen fronds. Fern, Osmunda cinnamomea 4 4' X 3' Long bluish-green and reddish-brown Cinnamon Fern High Shade fronds emerge in spring. Fern, Osmunda regalis 4 4' X 4' Large, handsome fronds die down in Royal Fern High Shade winter. Filipendula palmata 4 3' X 2' Tiny pink flowers in tall umbels, Siberian Meadowsweet Med. Sun-Shade June to August. Good cut. Fuchsia magellanica 4 3' X 3' Native. Red, white and violet flow- Hardy Fuchsia High Part Shade ers on rounded bush July to frost Grass, Stipa gigantea 6 6' X 6' Clumps of 3' leaves with 6' tall Giant Feather Grass Med. Sun and wide yellowish seed heads. Gunnera manicata 7 8' X 6' Huge leaves with prominent veins. Dinosaur Plant High Part shade Tiny red fruit. Needs rich soil. Gypsophila paniculata 4 3' X 3' Tiny pink flowers on branched stems Baby's Breath Med. Sun July to October. Good cut. Helenium autumnale 4 3' X 3' Daisy-like flowers of red, yellow, Sneezeweed Low Sun copper Summer to early Fall. Helianthus species 4 5' X 2' Tall stalk with yellow flowers from Sunflower High Sun July to September. Good cut. Heliopsis helianthoides 3 3' X 3' Deciduous. Large yellow flowers in Ox Eye High Sun summer. Needs well drained soil. Heliotropium arborescens 9 4' X 4' Tender perennial. Very fragrant Heliotrope High Sun-Part blue flowers in summer. Hemerocallis hybrids 3 3' X 2' Yellow orange bronze red or white Daylily Med. Sun flowers May to October. Easy care Hibiscus moscheutos 4 5' X 5' 8" red, pink, rose or white flowers Rose Mallow Med. Sun from June until frost. Kirengeshoma palmata 4 4' X 3' Palmate leaves with yellow flowers Yellow Waxbells Med. Shade-Part in August. Kniphofia uvaria 6 3' X 2' Spikes of orange-red flowers July Red Hot Poker Low Sun to August. Attracts hummingbirds. Lavandula species 6 3' X 3' Evergreen. Gray leaves with fra- Lavender Low Sun grant lavender flowers July-Aug. Lavatera thuringiaca 6 5' X 5' Evergreen. Hollyhock like pink Tree Mallow Low Sun flowers all summer. Ligularia dentata 4 3' X 30" Large heart-shaped red leaves with Golden Ray Med. Shade-Part yellow flowers August to Sept. Lilium asiatic hybrids 4 3' X 18" Many colors of very fragrant Asian Lily Med. Sun flowers in late summer. Good cut. Linaria purpurea 3' X 1' Purple snapdragon-like flowers all Toadflax Med. Sun summer and fall. Lobelia cardinalis 5 3' X 1' Flame red flowers in June-July at- Cardinal Flower Med. Sun tract hummingbirds & butterflies. Meconopsis betonicifolia 4 3' X 18" Sky blue poppies on a tall leafy Himalayan Blue Poppy Med. Shade-Part stem in June to July. Nepeta faassenii 4 3' X 2' Violet blue flowers above blue-gray Catmint Low Sun-Part leaves July to September. Papaver orientalis 3 3' X 18" Large hairy divided leaves. 3-6" Oriental Poppy Low Sun-Part flowers in May to June. Perovskia atriplicifolia 5 4' X 3' Gray-green leaves. Violet blue Russian Sage Low Sun flower spikes July to Sept. Phlomis fruticosa 6 4' X 3' Silver-gray leaves. Yellow flowers Jerusalem Sage Low Sun attract bees and butterflies. Phormium tenax 8 2-5' X 8' Dramatic clumps of straplike leaves New Zealand Flax Any Sun-Part with red flowers. Salt tolerant. Phygelius capensis 7 3' X 3' Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular Cape Fuchsia Low Sun-Shade flowers all summer. Physostegia virginiana 3 3' X 2' Tall spikes of pink or white flow- Obedient Plant Med. Sun-Part ers in late summer. Platycodon grandiflorus 4 3' X 2' Balloon-like buds open to blue pink Baloon Flower Med. Part Shade or white flowers June to August. Plumbago auriculata 9 5' X 8' Semievergreen. White to blue Cape Plumbago Low Sun flowers April until frost. Ratibida pinnata 4 4' X 2' Yellow ray flowers with brown cen- Prairie Coneflower Med. Sun ters. Romneya coulteri 4 6' X 3' Fragrant large white flowers May Matilija Poppy Low Sun to July. Good cut flowers. Senecio greyi 8 3' X 3' Evergreen. Silvery leaves with Daisy Bush Low Sun yellow daisy flowers in summer. Sidalcea malviflora 6 3' X 2' Pink or red flowers resemble holly- Checkerbloom Med. Sun-Part hocks. Attracts hummingbirds. Verbascum species 5 3' X 1' White wooly leaves. Yellow or Mullein Low Sun-Part purple flowers in summer. Xerophyllum tenax 3 5' X 3" Native evergreen. Grass like leaves Beargrass Low Sun-Part and creamy plume flowers.
Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials