Winter Color Winter Color

See how the lilies of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? Matthew 6:28-30 NIV

Winter and All Year
Perennial Color

by Rod Smith

© 1999-2017 Rodney A. Smith
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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Perennials, Herbs & Houseplants

Low = under 15 inches, Medium = 15 inches to 30 inches, Tall = over 30 inches

Low Winter Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Primula species                  5 6" X 6"    Hardy flowers in late winter in    
  Primroses                   High Sun-Part     many colors. Needs good drainage.
Viola wittrockiana               5 6" X 6"    Winter pansies in many colors can  
  Pansy                       Med. Sun-Shade    bloom all year in part shade.    

Medium Winter

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Helleborus niger                 4 18" X 1'   Leathery dark green leaves. White  
  Christmas Rose              High Shade-Part   flowers turn purplish. Dec-April.
Helleborus foetidus              4 18" X 1'   Evergreen. Lacy light green leaves. 
  Bear's Foot Hellebore       High Shade-Part   Pale green flowers Jan-Apr.

Low All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Fern, Polystichum setiferum      6 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Low spreading, finely   
  Alaskan Fern                Med. Shade-Part   cut fronds.                      
Grass, Carex morrowii expallida  5 12" X 18"  Drooping leaves striped with white.
  Variegated Japane. Sedge    High Sun-Part     Prefers moist soil.              
Grass, Festuca ovina 'Glauca'    4 10" X 10"  Evergreen. Low clumps of fine blue 
  Blue Fescue Grass           Low  Sun-Part     grass. Needs good drainage.      
Grass, Scirpus cernuus           8 8" X 8"    Drooping green threadlike leaves   
  Fiber Optic Grass           High Part Shade   with brown tip. Good in pots.    
Herniaria glabra                 5 2" X 1'    Tiny green leaves turn bronzy in   
  Green Carpet                Med. Sun-Shade    winter. Good groundcover.        
Mentha requienii                 5 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Very low. Very fragrant 
  Corsican Mint               High Shade-Part   when bruised or crushed.         
Raoulia australis                7 3" X 1'    Evergreen groundcover. Tiny gray   
  Raoulia                     Med. Sun          leaves. Needs perfect drainage.  
Rubus pentalobus                 6 6" X 3'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white 
  Creeping Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Edible fruit.           
Scaevola aemula                  9 6" X 3'    Evergreen. Lavender blue flowers   
  Fan Flowers                 Med. Sun          almost all year. Good groundcover
Selaginella kraussiana           7 2" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat with great    
  Spikemoss                   High Part Shade   color in shade gardens.          
Soleirolia soleirolii            7 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat. Tolerates    
  Baby Tears                  Med. Shade        foot traffic.                    
Tolmiea menziesii                7 15" X 2'   Native groundcover. Tiny reddish   
  Piggyback Plant             High Shade-Part   flowers.                      PNP

Medium All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aspidistra elatior               7 18" X 3'   Evergreen. Strap like leaves.      
  Cast Iron Plant             Med. Shade        Tolerates deep shade. Very tough.
Asplenium scolopendrium          6 18" X 15"  Native evergreen. Strap-like fronds
  Hart's Tongue Fern          Med. Shade-Part   with wavy edges.                 
Fern, Cyrtomium falcatum         8 2' X 2'    Evergreen, but tender at 25 degrees
  Holly Fern                  High Shade-Part   Does well indoors.               
Fern, Polystichum munitum        6 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. Excellent for    
  Western Sword Fern          Low  Shade        woodsy area. Tolerates dry.   PNP
Fern, Polystichum polyblepharum  6 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Fronds unfurl backwards 
  Tassel Fern                 High Shade-Part   creating a tassel.               
Grass, Carex tumulicola          8 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of    
  Berkeley Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves.          PNP
Grass, Juncus effusus            5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet    
  Soft Rush                   High Sun-Part     soil. J. e. Spiralis is twisted. 

Tall All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Fern, Dicksonia antarctica       9 12' X 15'  Evergreen. 6' arching fronds.      
  Tasmanian Tree Fern         High Shade        Protect from frost.            


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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials
Spring Perennial Color
Summer Perennial Color
Fall Perennial Color
Winter and All Year Perennial Color
All Perennials in Alphabetical Order

Spring Shrub Color
Summer Shrub Color
Fall Shrub Color
Winter Shrub Color
All Year Shrubs
All Shrubs in Alphabetical Order

Spring Tree Color
Summer Tree Color
Fall Tree Color
Winter Tree Color
All Trees in Alphabetical Order
Spring and Summer Vine Color
Fall and Winter Vine Color and All Year Vines
All Vines in Alphabetical Order

More information can be found on my webpages:
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Fall Planting
Fruit Tree Tips
Herbs for the Kitchen and Landscape
House Plants
Improving Soil
Lacebug Control
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Pest Control
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Plant Propagation
Planting a Vegetable Garden
Planting in Clay Soil
Preferred Soil pH
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Remove Trees Roots and All
Rod's Garden Pruning
Roses
Seasonal Pruning Guide
Trees and Shrubs in the Landscape
Water Wise Gardening
Winter Plant Protection

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