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All Year Shrubs

by Rod Smith

© 1999-2018 Rodney A. Smith
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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Perennials, Herbs & Houseplants

Low = under 3 feet, Medium = 3 feet to 6 feet, Tall = over 6 feet

Low All Year Shrubs

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Bamboo, Sasa pygmea              5 30" X 10'  Evergreen. Running. Plant in a big 
  Pygmy Bamboo                Med. Sun-Part     pot to form a clump.             
Cryptomeria japo. 'Vilmoriniana' 5 18" X 18"  Evergreen. Slow growing, dense     
  Vilmoriniana Cryptomeria    Low  Sun          globe. Turns bronze in Winter.   
Euonymus japonica 'Microphyllus' 6 18" X 12"  Evergreen. Slow growing, compact   
  Box Leaf Euonymus           Med. Sun          shrub. Tolerates heat, poor soil.
Ilex crenata 'Helleri'           6 1' X 2'    Evergreen. Small leaves. Tiny white
  Heller's Japanese Holly     Med. Sun-Part.    flowers. Black berries.          
Juniperus conferta               5 8" X 3'    Evergreen. Low, spreading branches 
  Shore Juniper               Low  Sun          with long needles.               
Juniperus conferta 'Blue Pacific 5 8" X 3'    Evergreen. Low, spreading branches 
  Blue Pacific Shore Juni.    Med. Sun-Part     with long needles.               
Juniperus horizont. 'Bar Harbor' 3 3" X 4'    Evergreen. Low, spreading. Blue-   
  Bar Harbor Juniper          Low  Sun-Part     green foliage. Good groundcover. 
Juniperus horizont. 'Youngstown' 3 8" X 4'    Evergreen. Flat top spreader. Blue 
  Youngstown Andorra Juni.    Low  Sun          foliage turns purple in winter.  
Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni' 3 3" X 3'    Evergreen. Creeping with blue      
  Blue Rug Juniper            Low  Sun          foliage. Needs good drainage.    
Juniperus procumbens             4 2' X 6'    Evergreen. Low, spreading, bright  
  Japanese Garden Juniper     Low  Sun          green foliage.                   
Juniperus procumbens 'Nana'      4 18" X 3'   Evergreen. Low mound of dark green 
  Dwarf Japanese Garden J.    Low  Sun          foliage.                         
Juniperus sabina                 3 1' X 8'    Evergreen. Low, spreading, bright  
  Savin Juniper               Low  Sun          green foliage.                   
Juniperus sabina 'Tamariscifolia 4 2' X 10'   Evergreen. Dense symmetrically     
  Tam Juniper                 Low  Sun          spreading green mound.           
Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star'   4 2' X 4'    Evergreen. Silver blue foliage.    
  Blue Star Juniper           Low  Sun          Rounded shape.                   
Paxistima myrsinites             3 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Oregon Boxwood              Low  Sun-Part     No watering or care.             
Pinus mugo 'Pumilio'             2 30" X 3'   Evergreen. Slow growing, rounded   
  Dwarf Mugho Pine            Low  Sun-Part     shrub. Shear candles to shape.   
Taxus baccata 'Repandens'        4 2' X 6'    Evergreen. Low, spreading, dark    
  Spreading English Yew       Low  Sun-Shade    green shrub. Easily sheared.     
Taxus cusp. 'Emerald Spreader'   5 30" X 8'   Evergreen. Low and spreading. Dark 
  Emerald Spreader Yew        Low  Sun-Part     green needles. Red berries.      
Tsuga canade. 'Cole's Prostrata' 4 2' X 4'    Evergreen. Good for creeping over  
  Cole's Creeping Hemlock     Med. Sun-Part     walls or rocks. Can be staked.   

Medium All Year Shrubs

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Abies balsamea 'Nana'            3 3' X 3'    Small dense evergreen. Dark green  
  Dwarf Balsam Fir            Med. Shade-Part   needles. Excellent bonsai plants.
Acer palmatum dissectum          5 6' X 8'    Low, mounding shape. Red or green  
  Laceleaf Japanese Maple     Med. Sun-Part     leaves. Needs excellent drainage.
Berberis verruculosa             6 3'X 3'     Purplish flower and black berry.   
  Warty Barberry              Med. Sun          Mahogany leaves in winter. Thorns
Buxus microphylla japonica       5 4' X 3'    Evergreen. Excellent for hedges    
  Japanese Boxwood            Med. Sun-Part     and topiary.                     
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa 5 3' X 2'    Evergreen. Excellent for low hedge.
  Dwarf English Boxwood       Med. Sun-Part     Slow growing.                    
Cephalotaxus harringtonia        6 5' X 2'    Evergreen. Lustrous green needles. 
  Japanese Plum Yew           Med. Sun_Shade    Females have red berries.        
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Compacta'  4 6' X 3'    Evergreen. Dark green foliage.     
  Compact Hinoki Cypress      Med. Sun-Part     Grows open.                      
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana'      4 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Slow growing. Dark green
  Dwarf Hinoki Cypress        Med. Sun-Part     Shrub.                           
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Torulosa'  4 6' X 6'    Evergreen. Irregular globe with    
  Contorted Hinoki Cypress    Med. Sun-Part     twisted branches.                
Chamaecyparis pis. 'Fili. Aurea' 4 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Golden, drooping        
  Goldthread Cypress          Med. Sun-Part     foliage.                         
Coprosma repens                  8 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Glossy green leaves turn
  Mirror Plant                High Sun          red-orange in fall.              
Cornus alba 'Argenteo-marginata' 2 6' X 8'    Deciduous. White and green leaves. 
  Varie. Tartarian Dogwood    Med. Sun-Shade    Red twigs. Tolerates soggy soil. 
Cornus stolonifera               2 6' X 8'    Deciduous native. White flowers in 
  Redtwig Dogwood             Med. Sun-Part     winter. Red twigs in winter.     
Cornus stolon. 'Midwinter Fire'  2 5' X 6'    Deciduous. White flowers & berries.
  Midwinter Fire Dogwood      Med. Sun-Part     Orange-red twigs all year.
Drimys lanceolata                8 6' X 6'    Evergreen. Coppery red new leaves  
  Tasmanian Pepper Bush       Med. Shade-Part   complement red stems.            
Euonymus japonicus               6 6' X 4'    Evergreen. Foliage in many colors. 
  Japanese Euonymus           Med. Sun          Orange berries in Fall.          
Feijoa sellowianna               7 6' X 6'    Evergreen. Leaves silvery white un-
  Pineapple Guava             Low  Sun          derneath. Edible flowers & fruit.
Ilex cornuta 'Carissa'           6 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Glossy green leaves all 
  Carissa Holly               Med. Sun          year on dense, compact plant.    
Ilex crenata 'Convexa'           6 4' X 4'    Evergreen. Looks like a boxwood but
  Convex Leaf Japan. Holly    Med. Sun-Shade    hardier. Black berries.          
Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil'        6 6' X 1'    Evergreen. Tall and very narrow.   
  Sky Pencil Holly            Med. Sun-Part     Small white flowers, black fruit.
Juniperus chinensis 'Gold Coast' 4 3' X 4'    Evergreen. Golden foliage. Very    
  Gold Coast Juniper          Low  Sun          drought tolerant.                
Juniperus chinensis 'Mint Julep' 3 5' X 7'    Evergreen. Mint green foliage.     
  Mint Julep Juniper          Low  Sun                                           
Juniperus chinensis 'San Jose'   4 3' X 4'    Evergreen. Green foliage with      
  San Jose Juniper            Low  Sun          splotches of yellow.             
Picea abies 'Nidiformis'         2 3' X 4'    Evergreen. Dense blue-green shrub. 
  Bird's Nest Spruce          Low  Sun          Easy to shape.                   
Picea glauca 'Conica'            2 6' X 3'    Evergreen. Dense, pyramidal, slow  
  Dwarf Alberta Spruce        Low  Sun-Part     growing.                         
Pinus mugo mughus                2 6' X 8'    Evergreen. Slow growing, rounded   
  Mugho Pine                  Low  Sun          shrub. Shear candles to shape.   
Pinus strobus 'Nana'             3 6' X 8'    Evergreen. Slow growing. Rounded   
  Dwarf White Pine            Low  Sun          shape. Soft bluish needles.      
Platycladus orient. 'Aurea Nana' 5 4' X 2'    Evergreen. Golden foliage. Very    
  Golden Berkman Arborvit.    Med. Sun-Part     slow growing.                    
Punica granatum                  7 10' X 10'  Evergreen. Fine foliage with red   
  Pomegranate                 Med. Sun          flowers, orange fruit.           
Taxus cuspidata 'Capitata'       5 6' X 3'    Evergreen. Column of dark green    
  Pyramidal Japanese Yew      Med. Sun-Shade    needles. Red berries in Fall.    
Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold'   4 3' X 2'    Evergreen. Slow growing, dense cone
  Rheingold Arborvitae        Any  Sun-Part     shape. Golden foliage.           
Thuja occidentalis 'Woodwardii'  4 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Slow growing. Globe     
  Woodward Globe Arborvit.    Any  Sun-Part     shaped.                          

Tall All Year Shrubs

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aucuba japonica                  6 8' X 6'    Evergreen. Large leaves with gold  
  Japanese Laurel             Any  Shade-Part   spots. Red berries on females.   
Bamboo, Fargesia nitida          5 12' X 5'   Evergreen. Hardy clumping bamboo   
  Fountain Bamboo             Med. Shade-Part   with black stems.                
Bamboo, Phyllostachys aurea      7 10' X 10'  Evergreen. Running. Golden stems.  
  Golden Bamboo               Med. Sun-Part     Plant in big pot to form a clump.
Bamboo, Phyllostachys bambusoid. 7 30' X 15'  Runs to form big grove. Plant in a 
  Timber Bamboo               Med. Sun-Part     big pot to form clump.           
Bamboo, Phyllostachys nigra      5 7' X 10'   Evergreen. Runs. Stems turn black. 
  Black Bamboo                Med. Sun-Part     Plant in a big pot to form clump.
Buxus sempervirens               5 10' X 4'   Evergreen. Excellent for tall      
  English Boxwood             Med. Sun-Part     hedges or topiary.               
Chamaecyparis obtusa             4 12' X 6'   Evergreen. Dark green foliage.     
  Hinoki Cypress                d. Sun-Part     Open growth.                     
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Aurea'     4 12' X 6'   Evergreen. Golden needles. Open    
  Golden Hinoki Cypress       Med. Sun-Part     growth.                          
Cordyline indivisa               9 10' X 4'-  Evergreen. Long, arching strap-like
  Dracaena Palm               Med. Full-Part    leaves.                          
Fatsia japonica                  8 8' X 5'    Evergreen. Large tropical leaves.  
  Japanese Aralia             Med. Shade-Part   Tolerates all soils but soggy.   
Juniperus chinensis 'Blue Point' 4 8' X 3'    Pyramidal evergreen. Blue green    
  Blue Point Juniper          Low  Sun          foliage.                         
Juniperus chinensis 'Spearmint'  5 12' X 4'   Pyramidal evergreen. Fine, green   
  Spearmint Juniper           Low  Sun          foliage. Very drought tolerant.  
Juniperus chinensis 'Torulosa'   5 10' X 8'   Evergreen. Irregular upright growth
  Hollywood Juniper           Low  Sun          with dark green foliage.         
Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone'   3 8' X 3'    Evergreen. Bright gold, slow grow- 
  Gold Cone Juniper           Low  Sun          ing. Very drought tolerant.      
Juniperus sco. 'Tolleson's Blue' 3 15' X 8'   Evergreen. Wispy, blue-green,      
  Tolleson's Blue Wpg. Jun    Low  Sun          drooping branches.               
Juniperus scopulorum             3 15' X 8'   Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue  
  Rocky Mountain Juniper      Low  Sun          foliage. Very drought tolerant.  
Juniperus virginiana             4 10' X 6'   Evergreen. Green to silvery blue   
  Eastern Red Cedar           Low  Sun          foliage. Very drought tolerant.  
Juniperus virginiana 'Skyrocket' 4 15' X 3'   Evergreen. Tall, narrow spire with 
  Skyrocket Juniper           Low  Sun          blue gray foliage.               
Laurus nobilis                   8 20' X 10'  Evergreen. Dark green leaves are   
  Sweet Bay                   Low  Sun-Part     very aromatic. Used in cooking.  
Myrica californica               7 10' X 8'   Native evergreen. Excellent hedge  
  California Wax Myrtle       Low  Sun-Shade    or screen.                       
Photinia fraseri                 7 15' X 12'  Evergreen. Fast growing shrub for  
  Red Tip Photinia            Med. Sun          tall hedge or screen.            
Photinia glabra                  7 8' X 8'    Evergreen. Fast growing shrub for  
  Photinia Glabra             Med. Sun          tall hedge or screen.            
Podocarpus macrophyllus          7 15' X 6'   Evergreen. Pyramidal shape. Makes  
  Yew Pine                    Med. Sun-Part     a good screen.                   
Prunus laurocerasus              6 15' X 10'  Evergreen. Excellent for tall hedge
  English Laurel              Med. Sun-Shade    or screen.                       
Rhamnus frangula 'Columnaris'    2 12' X 8'   Deciduous. Narrow column of fine   
  Tallhedge                   Med. Sun-Part     leaves.                          
Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata'       4 15' X 6'   Evergreen. Dark Green needles. Red 
  Irish Yew                   Med. Sun-Shade    berries. Easily sheared.         
Taxus cuspidata                  4 8' X 8'    Evergreen. Dark green needles.     
  Spreading Japanese Yew      Low  Sun-Shade    Easily sheared.                  
Taxus x media 'Hicksii'          4 8' X 3'    Evergreen. Narrow column of dark   
  Hick's Columnar Yew         Low  Sun-Shade    green needles. Easily sheared.   

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