Winter Color Winter Color

But blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD, whose confidence is in him. He will be like a tree planted by the water that sends out its roots by the stream. It does not fear when heat comes; its leaves are always green. It has no worries in a year of drought and never fails to bear fruit." Jeremiah 17:7,8

Winter Tree Color and All Year Trees

by Rod Smith

© 1999-2017 Rodney A. Smith
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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Perennials, Herbs & Houseplants

Low = under 15 feet, Medium = 15 feet to 25 feet, Tall = over 25 feet

Medium Winter Trees

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Acer palmatum 'Sango Kaku'       5 20' X 15' Vase shape. Yellow fall leaves.
  Coral Bark Japanese Maple   Med. Sun-Shade   Coral colored bark
Ilex aquifolium                  6 15' X 6'  Evergreen. Shiny, spiny leaves. Red
  English Holly               Med. Sun-Shade   berries on female plants.

Low All Year Trees

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Cedrus atlantica 'Pendula'       6 10' X 4'   Evergreen. Can be staked as column 
  Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar    Low  Sun          or waterfall. Green needles.     
Cedrus deodara 'Pendula'         7 10' X 4'   Evergreen. Can be staked as column 
  Weeping Deodar Cedar        Low  Sun          or waterfall. Blue-green needles.
Cedrus libani 'Sargentii'        6 10' X 4'   Evergreen. Slow growing. Can be    
  Weeping Cedar Of Lebanon    Low  Sun          staked as column or waterfall.   
Chamaecyparis pi.'Cyano-Viridis' 4 8' X 4'    Evergreen. Blue-green foliage. Slow
  Boulevard False Cypress     Med. Sun-Part     growing and dense.               
Chamaerops humilis               8 12' X 12'  Evergreen. Hardiest of all palms.  
  Mediterranean Fan Palm      Med. Sun-Part     Large fan shaped leaves.         
Picea abies 'Pendula'            2 8' X 4'    Evergreen. Weeping branches. Stake 
  Weeping Norway Spruce       Low  Sun          to desired height.               
Picea omorika 'Nana'             4 8' X 8'    Evergreen. Rounded shape. Bluish   
  Dwarf Serbian Spruce        Low  Sun          needles.                         
Pinus densiflora 'Pendula'       5 8' X 4'    Evergreen. Weeping branches. Light 
  Weeping Japanese Pine       Low  Sun          green needles. Stake for height. 
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' 5 10' X 8'   Evergreen. Flattened top. Vase-    
  Tanyosho Pine               Low  Sun          shaped bottom.                   
Pinus strobus 'Pendula'          4 10' X 10'  Evergreen. Weeping shape. Soft,    
  Weeping White Pine          Low  Sun          bluish needles.                  
Robinia pseudoacacia 'Lace Lady' 4 12' X 15'  Deciduous. Contorted twigs and     
  Twisty Baby Black Locust    Low  Sun          leaves.                          
Ulmus glabra 'Camperdown'        4 10' X 10'  Weeping branches that reach to the 
  Camperdown Elm              Med. Sun          ground.                          

Medium All Year Trees

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common                     Water Exposure
Abies kor. "Horstman's Silberloc 4 25' X 10'  Evergreen. Dark green needles with 
  Horstman's Silberlock Fi    Med. Sun          silver bands.                    
Abies lasiocarpa                 5 25' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Alpine Fir                  Med. Sun-Part     Likes cool, moist soil.          
Acer palmatum 'Sango Kaku'       5 20' X 15'  Vase shaped. Yellow Fall leaves.   
  Coral Bark Japane. Maple    Med. Sun-Part     Coral colored bark.              
Cornus alternifolia              3 20' X 20'  Deciduous. Layered branches. White 
  Pagoda Dogwood              Med. Sun-Part     flowers. Red Fall leaves.        
Cryptomeria japonica             5 20" X 10'  Evergreen. Feathery foliage. Green 
  Japanese Cedar              Low  Sun-Part     in Summer. Purplish in Winter.   
Cunninghamia lanceolata          6 20' X 12'  Evergreen. Flat needles are soft   
  Chinese Blue Fir            Med. Sun          blue.                            
Cupressus glabra                 6 25' X 4'   Narrow evergreen. Blue-green       
  Arizona Cypress             Low  Sun-Part     foliage.                         
Ilex aquifolium                  6 15' X 6'   Evergreen. Shiny, spiny leaves. Red
  English Holly               Med. Sun-Shade    berries on female plants.        
Picea omorika                    4 35' X 10' Evergreen. Narrow, pyramidal form. 
  Serbian Spruce              Low  Sun         Double white bands on needles.   
Pinus aristata                   5 20' X 15' Evergreen. Slow growing. Irregular 
  Bristlecone Pine            Low  Sun         shape. White dots on leaves.     
Pinus contorta                   5 25' X 25'  Native rounded evergreen.          
  Shore Pine                  Low  Sun          Drought and salt tolerant.       
Sequoiadendron giganteum 'Pend.' 6 15' X 3'   Evergreen. Narrow column of weeping
  Weeping Sequoia             Low  Sun          branches. Stake to desired height
Thuja occidentalis               3 25' X 6'   Evergreen. Narrow tree good for    
  Pyramidal Arborvitae        Any  Sun          hedges and screen.               
Thuja occidentalis 'Emerald'     4 20' X 4'   Evergreen. Dense. Holds bright     
  Emerald Arborvitae          Any  Sun-Part     green color through the winter.  
Trachycarpus fortunei            8 25' X 8'   Evergreen. Large fan shaped leaves.
  Windmill Palm               Med. Sun-Part     Hairy black fibers on trunk.     
Umbellularia californica         7 25' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Oregon Myrtle               Low  Sun-Part     Tiny yellow flowers in spring.   

Tall All Year Trees

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Abies fraseri                    4 50' X 20'  Pyramidal evergreen. Short, dark   
  Fraser Fir                  Med. Sun-Part     green needles.                   
Abies grandis                    5 100' X 25' Native. Pyramidal evergreen. Likes 
  Grand Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     cool, moist soil.             PNP
Abies procera                    5 90' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Short  
  Noble Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     stiff branches. Likes cool, moist
Araucaria auracana               7 50' X 25'  Evergreen. Rope-like branches with 
  Monkey Puzzle Tree          Med. Sun          closely set, sharp leaves.       
Arbutus hybrid 'Marina'          7 30' X 15'  Evergreen. Pink flowers in Fall.   
  Marina Strawberry Tree      Low  Sun          Red fruit in Spring.             
Betula jacquemontii              5 40' X 30'  White bark. Yellow Fall leaves.    
  Himalayan White Birch       Med. Sun          Upright branches.                
Betula papyrifera                2 50' X 35'  Oval shape. White bark. Yellow Fall
  Paper Or Canoe Birch    X   Med. Sun          leaves.                          
Calocedrus decurrens                6 75' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra-   
  Incense Cedar               Low  Sun-Part     grant twigs used for garlands.   
Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca'        6 60' X 40'  Evergreen. Open pyramidal shape.   
  Blue Atlas Cedar            Low  Sun          Blue needles.                    
Cedrus deodara                   7 60' X 25'  Evergreen. Pyramidal blue-green    
  Deodar Cedar                Low  Sun          needles. Drooping branches.      
Cedrus deodara 'Aurea'           7 60' X 25'  Evergreen. Open pyramidal shape.   
  Golden Deodar Cedar         Low  Sun          Golden needles.                  
Cedrus libani                    6 40' X 20'  Evergreen. Slow growing. Bright    
  Cedar Of Lebanon            Low  Sun          green needles.                   
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana         6 40' X 20'  Native evergreen. Pyramidal shape  
  Port Orford Cedar           Med. Sun-Part     with drooping branches.          
Chamaecyparis nootkat. 'Pendula' 7 30' X 10'  Evergreen. Irregular pyramidal     
  Weeping Alaska Cedar        Med. Sun-Part     shape. Weeping branches.         
Cupressocyp. ley. 'Castlewellan' 5 30' X 10'  Dense pyramidal evergreen. Fast    
  Golden Leyland Cypress      Med. Sun          growing. Golden color.           
Cupressocyparis leylandii        5 40' X 10'  Dense pyramidal evergreen. Fast    
  Leyland Cypress             Med. Sun          growing. Green or blue foliage.  
Cupressus sempervirens 'Glauca'  7 45' X 4'   Columnar evergreen. Blue-green     
  Blue Italian Cypress        Low  Sun          foliage.                         
Eucalyptus species               8 50' X 25'  Attractive leaves in different     
  Eucalyptus                  Low  Sun-Part     shapes and colors.               
Picea abies                      2 80' X 30'  Pyramidal evergreen. Fast growing. 
  Norway Spruce               Low  Sun                                           
Picea omorika                    4 35' X 10'  Evergreen. Narrow, pyramidal form. 
  Serbian Spruce              Low  Sun          Double white bands on needles.   
Picea pungens 'Glauca'           2 80' X 15'  Pyramidal evergreen. Blue color    
  Colorado Blue Spruce        Low  Sun          varies.  100 years to full size. 
Picea sitchensis                 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist  
  Sitka Spruce                Med. Sun          but well drained soil.           
Pinus contorta murrayana         4 60' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Murrayana Pine              Low  Sun          Narrow in groves, wide alone.    
Pinus heldrichii 'Leucodermis'   4 40' X 20'  Evergreen. Slow growing. Long, dark
  Bosnian Pine                Low  Sun          green needles.                   
Pinus nigra                      4 55' X 30'  Evergreen. Dense pyramidal crown.  
  Austrian Pine               Low  Sun          Black bark.                      
Pinus parviflora 'Glauca'        4 30' X 20'  Evergreen. Bluish green needles    
  Blue Japanese White Pine    Low  Sun          with white spots.                
Pinus ponderosa                  3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles.    
  Ponderosa Pine              Low  Sun          Black and orange bark.        PNP
Pinus strobus                    3 60' X 25'  Pyramidal evergreen. Soft, bluish  
  Eastern White Pine          Low  Sun          needles.                         
Pinus sylvestris                 2 30' X 20'  Evergreen. Irregular shape. Orange 
  Scotch Pine                 Low  Sun          bark.                            
Pinus thunbergii                 4 70' X 30'  Evergreen. Irregular shape. Long,  
  Japanese Black Pine         Low  Sun          dark green needles. Black bark.  
Pseudotsuga menziesii            4 200' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast   
  Douglas Fir                 Low  Sun          growing.                      PNP
Salix alba 'Tristis'             3 40' X 60'  Weeping branches. Yellow twigs.    
  Niobe Willow                High Sun          Yellow fall leaves.              
Sciadopitys verticillata         5 30' X 20'  Evergreen. Long, flattened needles.
  Umbrella Pine               Med. Sun-Part     Slow growing.                    
Sequoia sempervirens             7 100' X 20' Evergreen. Reddish bark. Fast      
  Coast Redwood               Med. Sun-Shade    growing.                         
Sequoiadendron giganteum         6 100' X 20' Narrow evergreen. Fast growing.    
  Giant Sequoia               Low  Sun          Massive trunk.                   
Thuja plicata                    5 80' X 20'  Native evergreen. Narrow with      
  Western Red Cedar           Any  Sun-Shade    drooping branches.            PNP
Tsuga canadensis                 4 60' X 20'  Pyramidal evergreen. Likes moist   
  Canadian Hemlock            Med. Sun-Shade    soil.                            
Tsuga heterophylla               4 60' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. White  
  Western Hemlock             Med. Sun          band on bottom of needles.    PNP
Tsuga mertensiana                4 30' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Mountain Hemlock            Med. Sun-Part     Thrives on cool, moist slope.    
Washingtonia robusta             8 50' X 10'  Evergreen. Fast growing. Fan shaped
  Mexican Fan Palm            Med. Sun          leaves.                          
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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials
Spring Perennial Color
Summer Perennial Color
Fall Perennial Color
Winter and All Year Perennial Color
All Perennials in Alphabetical Order

Spring Shrub Color
Summer Shrub Color
Fall Shrub Color
Winter Shrub Color
All Year Shrubs
All Shrubs in Alphabetical Order

Spring Tree Color
Summer Tree Color
Fall Tree Color
Winter Tree Color
All Trees in Alphabetical Order

Spring and Summer Vine Color
Fall and Winter Vine Color and All Year Vines
All Vines in Alphabetical Order

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Improving Soil
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Winter Plant Protection

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