Wildlife Landscape Plants

by Rod Smith

© 2017 Rodney A. Smith
All rights reserved.
Site Map
Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Perennials, Herbs & Houseplants

                              USDA
Scientific name               Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure      WL=Wildlife  PNP=Portland Native
                                                                  Plant List
Perennials
Achillea millefolium             3 30" X 2'   Native. White, flat flowers in sum-
  Common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer, good cut. WL butterflies PNP
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery  
  Pearly Everlasting          High Sun          white flowers.  WL butterfly  PNP
Aquilegia formosa                3 2' X 2'    Native. Red/yellow flowers in May 
  Red Columbine               Low  Part Sun     to Aug. WL humming. butterfly PNP
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi          2 8" X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.    
  Kinnikinnick                Low  Sun-Part     Berries. WL bird bees butrfly PNP
Armeria maritima                 4 10" X 1'   Native evergreen. Pink or white 
  Sea Thrift                  Med. Sun-Part     flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly
Aruncus dioicus                  4 1' X 1'    Native. Creamy white flowers in    
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June to July. WL bird bee butrfly
Asclepias speciosa               4 4' X 3'    Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept.
  Showy Milkweed              Med. Sun                WL hummingbirds butterflies 
Aster subspicatus                5 2' X 2'    Native. Drought tolerant. Purple   
  Douglas Aster               Med. Sun          flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly
Balsamorhiza sagittata           4 15" X 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow   
  Arrowleaf Balsamroot        Low  Sun          spring flowers. WL insect butrfly
Campanula rotundifolia           4 15” X 1'   Blue bell shaped flowers. Drought  
  Bellflower                  Low  Sun-Part     tolerant. WL hummingbirds butrfly 
Carex obnupta                    5 2' X 2'    Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily.
  Slough Sedge                High Part Sun     Great erosion control.   WL birds
Carex tumulicola                 8 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of    
  Berkeley Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves. WL birds PNP
Cornus canadensis                1 3" X 2'    Native. White flowers in spring.   
  Bunchberry                  Med. Sun-Shade    Red berries. WL birds butrfly PNP
Dicentra formosa                 3 12" X 18"  Native. Dark fern-like leaves. Pink
  Western Bleeding Heart      Low  Shade-Part   flowers. WL butrfly hummingb. PNP
Echinacea purpurea               4 2' X 3'    Showy flowers of drooping purple   
  Purple Coneflower           Med. Sun-Part     petals in summer. WL bird butrfly
Echinops exaltatus               4 3' X 1'    Coarse, gray-green leaves. Steel
  Globe thistle               Med. Sun          blue flowers. WL bird butterflies
Eleocharis palustris             4 3’ X 3’    Native wetland plant. Seed heads on
  Creeping Spike-rush         High Sun	      3’ spikes.    WL birds amphibians
Elymus glaucus                   4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue gray
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun-Part     grass.               WL birds PNP
Eriogonum umbellatum             3 3' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Sulphur Flower              Low  Sun          Yellow flowers. WL bird butterfly
Eryngium amethystinum            4 2' X 1'    Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or  
  Sea holly                   Low  Sun          amethyst flowers.  WL butterflies
Festuca idahoensis roemeri       7 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Roemer's Fescue             Low  Sun          Blue foliage.  WL birds butterfly
Fragaria chiloensis              4 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Wild Strawberry             Med. Sun-Part     flowers. Berries.   WL birds bees
Fragaria vesca                   6 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.      
  Wood Strawberry             Low  Shade        Drought tolerant.   WL birds bees
Fragaria virginiana              5 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.      
  Wild Strawberry             Low  Shade        Drought tolerant.   WL birds bees
Gaillardia aristata              3 2' X 2'    Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze 
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          or red flowers. WL bird butterfly
Gaultheria ovatifolia            8 3" X 12"   Native evergreen groundcover. Pink 
  Oregon Wintergreen          High Part Sun     flowers. Red berries.    WL birds
Heuchera micrantha               4 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. White    
  Alum Root                   Low  Shade        flowers May-Aug.  WL hummingbirds
Iris dougasiana                  5 2' X 2'    Native. Cream to purple flowers    
  Douglas iris                Med. Shade-Part   in May. WL hummingbirds butterfly
Juncus effusus                   5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet    
  Common Rush                 Med. Part Sun     soil.                    WL birds
Lupinus rivularis                  2' X 2'    Native. Purple-blue flowers in     
  Stream-bank Lupine          Med. Part Sun     spring. WL hummingbird butterfly
Monarda didyma                   4 2' X 18"   White, scarlet, or purple flowers  
  Bee balm, Bergamot          Med. Sun          Jun-Aug. WL butterflies hummingb.
Penstemon richardsonii             2' X 2'    Native. Pinkish flowers in late    
  Richardson's Penstemon      Med. Part Sun     summer.  WL hummingbird butterfly
Penstemon serrulatus               18" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers in summer.  
  Cascade Penstemon           Med. Part Sun      WL hummingbirds butterflies bees
Phygelius capensis               7 3' X 3'    Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular 
  Cape Fuchsia                Low  Sun-Shade    flowers all summer. WL hummingbi.
Rubus pedatus                    4 2" X 6'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white 
  Trailing Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Fruit.  WL birds mammals
Rubus pentalobus                 6 6" X 3'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white 
  Creeping Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Edible fruit.   WL birds
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. WL hummingbird butterflies
Scirpus microcarpus              5 3' X 3'    Native wetland plant. White flowers
  Small Flowered Bulrush      High Sun-Part     in summer.               WL birds
Sedum lanceolatum                5 3" X 1'    Native groundcover. Yellow flowers 
  Stonecrop                   Low  Sun          in late spring.    WL butterflies
Sedum oreganum                   7 4" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.      
  Oregon Stonecrop            Med. Part Shade   Yellow summer flowers. WL butrfly
Sedum spathulifolium             5 4" X 4"    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Stonecrop                   Low  Sun          Yellow flowers.    WL butterflies
Sidalcea malviflora              6 3' X 2'    Pink or red flowers resemble holly-
  Checker Mallow              Med. Sun-Part     hocks. WL hummingbird butterflies    
Smilacina racemosa               3 3' X 1'    Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers.
  False Solomon's Seal        High Shade-Part   Speckled fruit.      WL birds PNP
Smilacina stellata               3 18" x 18"  Native. White flowers in spring to 
  Starry False Solom. Seal    Med. Part Shade   summer. Fruit.           WL birds
Solidago canadensis              4 3' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow   
  Goldenrod                   Low  Sun          flowers.  WL birds bees butterfly
Thymus species                   4 4" X 1'    Aromatic leaves with tiny red to   
  Thyme                       Low  Sun-Part     blue flowers. WL bees butterflies
Typha latifolia                  4 6' X 4'    Native bog plant. Makes thick      
  Cattails                    High Sun          clumps in moist soil. WL bird PNP

Shrubs
Amelanchier alnifolia            4 20' X 20'  Native. White flowers in Spring.PNP
  Saskatoon,Serviceberry      Med. Sun-Part     Berries. WL birds mammals butrfly
Arbutus unedo ‘Compacta’         7 8' X 6'    Evergreen. Pink flowers. Edible red 
  Compact Strawberry Tree     Low  Sun-Shade    fruit.WL butterflies hummingbirds    
Arctostaphylos columbiana        7 6' X 6'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.
  Hairy Manzanita             Low  Sun               WL birds butterflies mammals
Azalea occidentale               4 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant pink    
  Western Azalea              Med. Sun-Part     flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly   
Berberis thunbergii              4 5' X 5'    Yellow flowers and red berries.
  Japanese Barberry           Med. Sun-Part     Thorns.      WL birds butterflies
Berberis verruculosa             6 3'X 3'     Evergreen. Purplish flowers. Black 
  Warty Barberry              Med. Sun          berries. Thorns. WL birds butrfly
Ceanothus integerrimus           5 8’ X 6’    Native evergreen. Blue flowers.
  Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush  Low  Sun-Part      WL hummingbirds butterflies deer
Ceanothus velutinus var. velut.  1 4’ X 4’    Native evergreen. White flowers.
  Mountain Balm               Low  Sun           WL hummingbirds butterflies deer
Cornus sericea occidentalis      3 8' X 8'    Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Red Osier Dogwood           Med. Sun-Part     White flowers. WL birds butterfly
Corylus cornuta var. califor.    3 20’ X 20’  Native deciduous. Suckers freely.
  Hazelnut                    Med. Sun-Part     for hedge. Fall yellow.WL mammals
Cotoneaster horizontalis         5 2' X 4'    Evergreen. White flowers in Spring.
  Cotoneaster                 Low  Sun-Shade    Red/orange berries. WL birds bees
Escallonia exoniensis            7 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Pink or red flowers May-
  Escallonia                  Med. Sun-Part     August.  WL butterflies hummingb.
Fuchsia magellanica              4 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Violet, white and
  Hardy Fuchsia               High Part Shade   red flowers. WL birds butterflies
Garrya elliptica                 5 8' X 8'    Native evergreen. Leaves with wooly
  Coast Silk Tassel           Low  Sun-Part     catkins Jan. WL birds butterflies
Gaultheria shallon               6 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Salal                       Med. Sun-Shade    spring.  WL birds butterflies PNP
Holodiscus discolor              4 8' X 8'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Oceanspray                  Low  Sun-Part     spring. WL birds butterflies PNP
Juniperus communis               3 1' X 6'    Evergreen. Many forms. Very drought
  Common Juniper              Low  Sun          tolerant. Berries.       WL birds
Lavandula species                6 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Gray leaves with flowers
  Lavender                    Low  Sun          July-Aug. WL butterflies hummingb
Lonicera involucrata             3 7' X 7'    Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in
  Twinberry                   High Sun-Part     May. Berries.  WL birds butterfly
Mahonia aquifolium               5 5' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Oregon Grape                Low  Sun-Shade    March. Berries.  WL birds butrfly
Mahonia nervosa                  6 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Leatherleaf Mahonia         Low  Shade-Part   spring. Berries. WL birds butrfly
Mahonia repens                   4 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Leatherleaf Mahonia         Low  Shade-Part   spring. Berries. WL birds butrfly
Myrica californica               5 10' X 8'   Native evergreen. Excellent hedge  
  California Wax Myrtle       Low  Sun-Shade    or screen. Berries. WL birds deer
Oemleria cerasiformis            6 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Drought Tolerant.   
  Indian Plum                 Low  Shade-Part   Yellow flowers.  WL birds mammals
Philadelphus lewisii             4 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant white   
  Native Mockorange           Low  Sun-Part     flowers. WL birds butterflies PNP
Physocarpus capitatus            2 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. White flowers in   
  Native Ninebark             Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Wet soil OK. WL birds PNP
Potentilla fruticosa             3 3' X 3'    Deciduous. Yellow flowers all      
  Potentilla                  Med. Sun          summer.      WL birds butterflies
Prunus virginiana                2 15’ X 10’  Native deciduous. Clusters of white
  Choke Cherry                Med. Sun-Part     flower. Berries. WL birds butrfly
Rhododendron macrophyllum        5 8' x 8'    Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Rhododendron                Med. Shade-Part   late spring.  WL bird bee butrfly
Ribes aureum                     3 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in
  Golden Currant              Low  Sun-Part     Spring.      WL birds butterflies
Ribes sanguineum                 5 6' X 4'    Native deciduous. Red flowers.   
  Red Flowering Currant       Low  Sun-Part     Berries.   WL birds butterfly PNP
Rosa nutkana                     5 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Pink roses in    
  Nootka Rose                 Low  Sun-Part     June. WL bird butrfly mammals PNP
Rosa woodsii                     5 6' x 6'    Native deciduous. Pink flowers in
  Wood's Rose                 Med. Sun-Part     Summer. WL bird butterfly mammals
Rubus parviflorus                3 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Thimbleberry                Low  Sun-Part     May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PNP
Rubus spectabilis                7 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Deep pink flowers
  Salmonberry                 Med. Part Shade    WL birds butterflies mammals PNP
Sambucus cerulea                 4 12' X 8'   Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Blue Elderberry             Low  Sun-Part     WL birds bees butterflies mammals
Sambucus racemosa                4 12' X 8'   Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Red Elderberry              Low  Sun          WL birds bees butterflies mammals
Shepherdia argenteus             2 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red 
  Silver Buffalo Berry        Any  Sun-Part     berries.         WL birds mammals
Sorbus scopulina                 3 10' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drougnt tolerant.
  Cascade Mountain Ash        Low  Sun          White flowers. WL birds butterfly
Spiraea douglasi                 4 6' X 5'    Native deciduous. Clusters of pink
  Hardhack Spirea             Med. Sun-Part     flowers. WL birds butterflies PNP
Symphoricarpos albus             3 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Common Snowberry            Low  Sun-Shade    May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PNP
Vaccinium membranaceum           5 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Thin-leaf Huckleberry       Low  Shade        White flowers.      WL birds bees
Vaccinium ovatum                 7 4' X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.  
  Evergreen Huckleberry       Med. Sun-Shade    Berries. WL birds butterflies PNP
Vaccinium parvifolium            5 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. Pink flowers in 
  Red Huckleberry             Med. Part Shade   Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PNP
Viburnum edule                   2 8' X 8'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  High Bush Cranberry         Med. Sun-Part     spring. Fruit.   WL birds mammals
Trees
Abies grandis                    5 100' X 25' Native pyramidal evergreen. Likes 
  Grand Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     cool, moist soil.WL birds,butrfly
Abies procera                    5 90' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Short  
  Noble Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     stiff branches. WL birds, butrfly
Acer circinatum                  6 15' X 10'  Native tree with multiple trunks.  
  Vine Maple                  Med. Sun-Part     Red Fall leaves.WL birds bees PNP
Acer macrophyllum                5 50' X 30'  Native. Large tree with big leaves.
  Bigleaf Maple               Med. Sun-Part     Yellow in Fall. WL birds bees PNP
Alnus rubra                      4 50' X 30'  Native. Fast growing. Yellow Fall  
  Red Alder                   High Sun-Part     leaves.      WL birds butterflies
Arbutus menziesii                3 40' X 40'  Native evergreen. White flowers in 
  Madrona                     Low  Sun-Part     Spring.  WL birds butrfly mammals
Betula papyrifera                2 50' X 35'  Oval shape. White bark. Yellow Fall
  Paper Or Canoe Birch        Med. Sun          leaves.      WL birds butterflies
Calocedrus decurrens             6 75' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra-   
  Incense Cedar               Low  Sun-Part     grant twigs.     WL birds mammals
Cornus nuttallii                 4 40' X 20'  Native. Large white flowers in May.
  Pacific Dogwood             Low  Sun-Part     Red Fall. WL bird butterflies PNP
Crataegus douglasii              5 20'X 15'   Native. Clusters of white flowers. 
  Oregon Hawthorn             Med. Sun-Part     Berries.     WL birds butterflies
Juniperus scopulorum             3 15' X 8'   Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue  
  Rocky Mountain Juniper      Low  Sun          needles.    WL birds butterflies
Malus fusca                      4 25’ X 25’  Native. White flowers in spring.  
  Pacific Crabapple           Med. Sun-Part     Fruit.      WL birds butterflies
Picea sitchensis                 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist  
  Sitka Spruce                Med. Sun          but well drained soil.   WL birds
Pinus contorta 'contorta'        5 25' X 25'  Native rounded evergreen. Drought  
  Shore Pine                  Low  Sun          and salt tolerant.WL bird butrfly
Pinus contorta latifolia         4 80' X 20'  Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree.
  Lodgepole Pine              Low  Sun          Short needles.   WL birds mammals
Pinus contorta murrayana         4 60' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Murrayana Pine              Low  Sun          Narrow in groves.WL birds mammals
Pinus ponderosa                  3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles. PNP
  Ponderosa Pine              Low  Sun          Black and orange bark.   WL birds
Populus tremuloides              3 30' X 15'  Native. Leaves flutter in a slight 
  Quaking Aspen               Med. Sun-Part     breeze.  WL birds butterflies PNP
Prunus emarginata ‘mollis’       4 70’ X 30   Native. Small white flowers. Small
  Bitter Cherry               Med. Sun-Shade    cherries. WL bird butrfly mammals
Pseudotsuga menziesii            4 200' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast   
  Douglas Fir                 Low  Sun          growing. WL birds,butterflies PNP
Quercus garryana                 6 65’ X 50’  Native. Red fall leaves. Needs good
  Oregon White Oak            Low  Sun          drainage. WL bird butrfly mammals
Rhus glabra			 3 12’ X 15’  Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall
  Smooth Sumac                Low  Sun          leaves. Berries. WL birds butrfly
Salix spp.                       3 30’ X 30’  Native. Used to stabilize stream
  Native Willows              High Sun          banks.   WL birds butrfly mammals
Thuja plicata                    5 80' X 20'  Native evergreen. Narrow with      
  Western Red Cedar           Any  Sun-Shade    drooping branches.   WL birds PNP
Tilia cordata                    3 40' X 25'  Densely pyramidal. Yellow fall     
  Little Leaf Linden          Med. Sun-Part     leaves.           WL hummingbirds
Tsuga heterophylla               4 60' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. White  
  Western Hemlock             Med. Sun          needles. WL birds,butterflies PNP
Tsuga mertensiana                4 30' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Mountain Hemlock            Med. Sun-Part     Thrives on cool slope.   WL birds

Native Vines
Lonicera cilosa                  5 15' X 15'  Native deciduous. Orange-yellow 
  Orange Honeysuckle          Low  shade        flowers.     WL birds butterflies
Lonicera hispidula               5 12' X 12'  Native. Drought tolerant. Pink  
  Hairy Honeysuckle           Low  Sun          flowers in summer.       WL birds

Go to http://www.plantnative.org/nd_or.htm for a list of native plant nurseries.


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Home Page
Site Map
Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials
Spring Perennial Color
Summer Perennial Color
Fall Perennial Color
Winter and All Year Perennial Color
All Perennials in Alphabetical Order

Spring Shrub Color
Summer Shrub Color
Fall Shrub Color
Winter Shrub Color
All Year Shrubs
All Shrubs in Alphabetical Order

Spring Tree Color
Summer Tree Color
Fall Tree Color
Winter Tree Color
All Trees in Alphabetical Order

Spring and Summer Vine Color
Fall and Winter Vine Color and All Year Vines
All Vines in Alphabetical Order

More information can be found on my webpages:
Annuals, Biennials, Perennials and Bulbs
Edible Landscaping
Fall Planting
Fruit Tree Tips
Herbs for the Kitchen and Landscape
House Plants
Improving Soil
Lacebug Control
Landscape Design
Lawn Care
Oregon Invasive Plants
Oregon Native Landscape Plants
Pest Control
Plant Nutrients
Plant Propagation
Planting a Vegetable Garden
Planting in Clay Soil
Preferred Soil pH
Pruning for Shade, Flowers and Fruit
Remove Trees Roots and All
Rod's Garden Pruning
Roses
Seasonal Pruning Guide
Trees and Shrubs in the Landscape
Water Wise Gardening
Wildlife Landscaping
Wildlife Landscape Plants
Winter Plant Protection

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