USDA Scientific name Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure WL=Wildlife PNP=Portland Native Plant List Perennials Achillea millefolium 3 30" X 2' Native. White, flat flowers in sum- Common Yarrow Low Sun-Part mer, good cut. WL butterflies PNP Anaphalis margaritacea 3 2' X 1' Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery Pearly Everlasting L-M Sun white flowers. WL butterfly PNP Aquilegia formosa 3 15" X 15" Native. Red/yellow flowers in May Red Columbine Low Sun-Part to Aug. WL humming. butterfly PNP Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 2 8" X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Kinnikinnick Low Sun-Part Berries. WL bird bees butrfly PNP Armeria maritima 4 10" X 1' Native evergreen. Pink or white Sea Thrift Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly Aruncus sylvester 4 3' X 3' Native. Creamy white flowers in PNP Goatsbeard Med. Shade-Part June to July. WL bird bee butrfly Asclepias speciosa 4 4' X 3' Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept. Showy Milkweed Med. Sun WL hummingbirds butterflies Aster subspicatus 5 2' X 2' Native. Drought tolerant. Purple Douglas Aster Med. Sun flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly Balsamorhiza sagittata 4 15" X 15" Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Arrowleaf Balsamroot Low Sun spring flowers. WL insect butrfly Campanula rotundifolia 4 15" X 1' Blue bell shaped flowers. Drought Bellflower Low Sun-Part tolerant. WL hummingbirds butrfly Carex obnupta 5 2' X 2' Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily. Slough Sedge M-H Sun-Part Great erosion control. WL birds Carex tumulicola 8 18" X 18" Native evergreen grass. Tuft of Berkeley Sedge Med. Sun-Part narrow green leaves. WL birds PNP Cornus canadensis 1 3" X 2' Native. White flowers in spring. Bunchberry Med. Sun-Shade Red berries. WL birds butrfly PNP Dicentra formosa 3 12" X 18" Native. Dark fern-like leaves. Pink Western Bleeding Heart Low Shade-Part flowers. WL butrfly hummingb. PNP Echinacea purpurea 4 2' X 3' Showy flowers of drooping purple Purple Coneflower Med. Sun-Part petals in summer. WL bird butrfly Echinops exaltatus 4 3' X 1' Coarse, gray-green leaves. Steel Globe thistle Med. Sun blue flowers. WL bird butterflies Eleocharis palustris 4 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. Seed heads on Creeping Spike-rush High Sun 3' spikes. WL birds amphibians Elymus glaucus 4 2' X 2' Native. Dense clumps of blue gray Blue Wild Rye Low Sun-Part grass. WL birds PNP Eriogonum umbellatum 4 3' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Sulphur Flower Low Sun Yellow flowers. WL bird butterfly Eryngium amethystinum 4 2' X 1' Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or Sea holly Low Sun amethyst flowers. WL butterflies Festuca idahoensis 5 1' X 1' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Idaho Fescue Low Sun Blue foliage. WL birds butterfly Festuca roemeri 7 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Roemer's Fescue Low Sun Blue foliage. WL birds butterfly Fragaria chiloensis 4 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. White Wild Strawberry Med. Sun-Part flowers. Berries. WL birds bees Fragaria vesca 6 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. PNP Wood Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. WL birds bees Fragaria virginiana 5 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. PNP Wild Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. WL birds bees Gaillardia aristata 3 2' X 2' Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze Blanket Flower Low Sun or red flowers. WL bird butterfly Gaultheria ovatifolia 8 3" X 12" Native evergreen groundcover. Pink Oregon Wintergreen High Part Sun flowers. Red berries. WL birds Heuchera micrantha 4 18" X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. White Alum Root Low Sun-Part flowers May-Aug. WL hummingbirds Iris dougasiana 5 15" X 15" Native. Cream to purple flowers PNP Douglas iris Med. Shade-Part in May. WL hummingbirds butterfly Juncus ensofolius 5 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Tolerates wet Common Rush Med. Sun soil. WL birds PNP Lupinus rivularis 2' X 2' Native. Purple-blue flowers in PNP Stream-bank Lupine Med. Part Sun spring. WL hummingbird butterfly Monarda didyma 4 2' X 18" White, scarlet, or purple flowers Bee balm, Bergamot Med. Sun Jun-Aug. WL butterflies hummingb. Penstemon richardsonii 2' X 2' Native. Pinkish flowers in late Richardson's Penstemon Med. Part Sun summer. WL hummingbird butterfly Penstemon serrulatus 18" X 18" Native. Purple flowers in summer.PNP Cascade Penstemon Med. Part Sun WL hummingbirds butterflies bees Phygelius capensis 7 3' X 3' Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular Cape Fuchsia Low Sun-Shade flowers all summer. WL hummingbi. Rubus pedatus 4 2" X 6' Evergreen groundcover. Small white Trailing Raspberry Low Sun-Part flowers. Fruit. WL birds mammals Rubus calycinoides 7 6" X 3' Evergreen groundcover. Small white Creeping Raspberry Low Sun-Part flowers. Edible fruit. WL birds Scabiosa columbaria 5 18" X 18" Blue, pink or white flowers June to Pincushion Low Sun-Part frost. WL hummingbird butterflies Scirpus microcarpus 5 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. White flowers Small Flowered Bulrush High Sun-Part in summer. WL birds PNP Sedum lanceolatum 5 3" X 1' Native groundcover. Yellow flowers Stonecrop Low Sun in late spring. WL butterflies Sedum oreganum 7 3 X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. Oregon Stonecrop L-M Sun Yellow summer flowers. WL butrfly Sedum spathulifolium 5 4" X 4" Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Stonecrop Low Sun-Part Yellow flowers. WL butterflies Sidalcea campestris 7 4' X 18" Pink or red flowers resemble holly- Meadow Checkermallow Med. Sun-Part hocks. WL hummingbird butterflies Smilacina racemosa 3 3' X 1' Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers. False Solomon's Seal M-H Shade-Part Speckled fruit. WL birds PNP Smilacina stellata 3 18" x 18" Native. White flowers in spring to Starry False Solom. Seal M-H Shade-Part summer. Fruit. WL birds PNP Solidago canadensis 4 3' X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Goldenrod Low Sun flower. WL birds bees butrfly PNP Thymus species 4 4" X 1' Aromatic leaves with tiny red to Thyme Low Sun-Part blue flowers. WL bees butterflies Typha latifolia 4 6' X 4' Native bog plant. Makes thick Cattails High Sun clumps in moist soil. WL bird PNP Shrubs Amelanchier alnifolia 4 10' X 6' Native. White flowers in Spring.PNP Saskatoon,Serviceberry Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds mammals butrfly Arbutus unedo 'Compacta' 7 8' X 6' Evergreen. Pink flowers. Edible red Compact Strawberry Tree Low Sun-Shade fruit.WL butterflies hummingbirds Arctostaphylos columbiana 7 6' X 6' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Hairy Manzanita Low Sun WL birds butterflies mammals Azalea occidentale 4 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant pink Western Azalea Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly Berberis thunbergii 4 5' X 5' Yellow flowers and red berries. Japanese Barberry Med. Sun-Part Thorns. WL birds butterflies Berberis verruculosa 6 3'X 3' Evergreen. Purplish flowers. Black Warty Barberry Med. Sun berries. Thorns. WL birds butrfly Ceanothus integerrimus 5 8' X 6' Native evergreen. Blue flowers. Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush Low Sun-Part WL hummingbirds butterflies deer Ceanothus velutinus var laeve. 1 15" X 15" Native evergreen. White flower. PNP Mountain Balm Low Sun WL hummingbirds butterflies deer Cornus sericea occidentalis 3 8' X 8' Native deciduous. White flowers. Red Osier Dogwood Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies PNP Corylus cornuta var. califor. 3 20' X 20' Native deciduous. Suckers freely. Hazelnut Med. Sun-Part for hedge. Fall yellow.WL mammals Cotoneaster horizontalis 5 2' X 4' Evergreen. White flowers in Spring. Cotoneaster Low Sun-Shade Red/orange berries. WL birds bees Escallonia exoniensis 7 5' X 5' Evergreen. Pink or red flowers May- Escallonia Med. Sun-Part August. WL butterflies hummingb. Fuchsia magellanica 4 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Violet, white and Hardy Fuchsia High Part Shade red flowers. WL birds butterflies Garrya elliptica 5 8' X 8' Native evergreen. Leaves with wooly Coast Silk Tassel Low Sun-Part catkins Jan. WL birds butterflies Gaultheria shallon 6 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Pink flowers in Salal L-M Sun-Shade spring. WL birds butterflies PNP Holodiscus discolor 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. White flower in Oceanspray Low Sun-Part spring. WL birds butterflies PNP Juniperus communis 3 1' X 6' Evergreen. Many forms. Very drought Common Juniper Low Sun tolerant. Berries. WL birds Lavandula species 6 3' X 3' Evergreen. Gray leaves with flowers Lavender Low Sun July-Aug. WL butterflies hummingb Lonicera involucrata 3 8' X 7' Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in Black Twinberry Med. Sun-Part May. Berries. WL birds butterfly Mahonia aquifolium 5 5' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Oregon Grape Low Sun-Shade March. WL birds butterflies PNP Mahonia nervosa 6 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Mahonia L-M Shade-Part spring. WL birds butterflies. PNP Mahonia repens 4 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Mahonia Low Shade-Part spring. Berries. WL birds butrfly Myrica californica 7 10' X 8' Native evergreen. Excellent hedge California Wax Myrtle Low Sun-Shade or screen. Berries. WL birds deer Oemleria cerasiformis 6 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Drought Tolerant. Indian Plum Low Shade-Part Yellow flower.WL birds mammal PNP Philadelphus lewisii 4 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant white Native Mockorange Low Sun-Part flowers. WL birds butterflies PNP Physocarpus capitatus 2 6' X 6' Native deciduous. White flowers in Native Ninebark Med. Sun-Shade spring. Wet soil OK. WL birds PNP Potentilla fruticosa 3 3' X 3' Deciduous. Yellow flowers all Potentilla Med. Sun summer. WL birds butterflies Prunus virginiana 2 15' X 10' Native deciduous. Clusters of white Choke Cherry Med. Sun-Part flower. Berries. WL birds butrfly Rhododendron macrophyllum 5 8' x 8' Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in Pacific Rhododendron Med. Shade-Part late spring. WL bird bee butrfly Ribes sanguineum 5 6' X 4' Native deciduous. Red flowers. Red Flowering Currant L-M Sun-Shade Berries. WL birds butterfly PNP Rosa nutkana 5 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Pink roses in Nootka Rose L-M Sun-Part June. WL bird butrfly mammals PNP Rosa woodsii 5 6' x 6' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Wood's Rose Med. Sun-Part Summer. WL bird butterfly mammals Rubus parviflorus 3 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Thimbleberry L-M Sun-Shade May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PNP Rubus spectabilis 7 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Deep pink flowers Salmonberry M-H Sun-Part WL birds butterflies mammals PNP Sambucus cerulea 4 12' X 8' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Blue Elderberry Low Sun-Part WL birds bees butterflies mammals Sambucus racemosa 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Red Elderberry Low Sun WL birds bees butterflies mammals Shepherdia argenteus 2 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red Silver Buffalo Berry Any Sun-Part berries. WL birds mammals Sorbus scopulina 3 10' X 10' Native deciduous. Drougnt tolerant. Cascade Mountain Ash Low Sun White flowers. WL birds butterfly Spiraea douglasi 4 5' X 4' Native deciduous. Clusters of pink Hardhack Spirea Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL birds butterflies PNP Symphoricarpos albus 3 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Common Snowberry Low Sun-Shade May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PNP Vaccinium membranaceum 5 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Thin-leaf Huckleberry Low Shade White flowers. WL birds bees Vaccinium ovatum 7 4' X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Evergreen Huckleberry Med. -Shade-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies PNP Vaccinium parvifolium 5 6' X 6' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Red Huckleberry Med. Part Shade Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PNP Viburnum trilobum 2 10' X 10' Native deciduous. White flowers in High Bush Cranberry Med. Sun-Part spring. Fruit. WL birds mammals Trees Abies grandis 5 200' X 40' Native pyramidal evergreen. Likes Grand Fir Med. Sun-Part cool soil.WL birds,butterfly PNP Abies procera 5 90' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Short Noble Fir Med. Sun-Part stiff branches. WL birds, butrfly Acer circinatum 6 15' X 10' Native tree with multiple trunks. Vine Maple Med. Sun-Part Red Fall leaves.WL birds bees PNP Acer macrophyllum 5 70' X 30' Native. Large tree with big leaves. Bigleaf Maple L-M Shade-Part Yellow in Fall. WL birds bees PNP Alnus rubra 4 80' X 40' Native. Fast growing. Yellow Fall Red Alder High Sun-Part leaves. WL birds butterflies Arbutus menziesii 3 40' X 40' Native evergreen. White flowers in Madrona Low Sun-Part Spring. WL birds butrfly mammals Betula papyrifera 2 50' X 35' Oval shape. White bark. Yellow Fall Paper Or Canoe Birch Med. Sun leaves. WL birds butterflies Calocedrus decurrens 6 75' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra- Incense Cedar Low Sun-Part grant twigs. WL birds mammals Cornus nuttallii 4 40' X 20' Native. Large white flowers in May. Pacific Dogwood Low Sun-Part Red Fall. WL bird butterflies PNP Corylus cornuta 12' X 10' Native. Edible nuts called filberts. Western Hazelnut Med Sun-Part WL birds, mammals PNP Crataegus douglasii 5 30'X 20' Native. Clusters of white flowers. Oregon Hawthorn Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies Juniperus scopulorum 3 15' X 8' Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue Rocky Mountain Juniper Low Sun needles. WL birds butterflies Malus fusca 4 25' X 25' Native. White flowers in spring. Pacific Crabapple Med. Sun-Part Fruit. WL birds butterflies Picea sitchensis 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist Sitka Spruce L-M Sun-Part but drained soil. WL birds PNP Pinus contorta contorta 5 25' X 25' Native rounded evergreen. Drought Shore Pine Low Sun and salt tolerant.WL bird butrfly Pinus contorta latifolia 4 80' X 20' Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree. Lodgepole Pine Low Sun Short needles. WL birds mammals Pinus contorta murrayana 4 60' X 25' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Murrayana Pine Low Sun Narrow in groves.WL birds mammals Pinus ponderosa 3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles. PNP Ponderosa Pine Low Sun Black and orange bark. WL birds Populus tremuloides 3 30' X 15' Native. Leaves flutter in a slight Quaking Aspen Med. Sun-Part breeze. WL birds butterflies PNP Prunus emarginata 'mollis' 4 70' X 30' Native. Small white flowers. Small Bitter Cherry Med. Sun-Shade cherries. WL bird butrfly mammals Pseudotsuga menziesii 4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast Douglas Fir L-M Sun-Part growing. WL birds,butterflies PNP Quercus garryana 6 65' X 50' Native. Red fall leaves. Needs PNP Oregon White Oak Low Sun drainage. WL bird butrfly mammals Rhus glabra 3 12' X 15' Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall Smooth Sumac Low Sun leaves. Berries. WL birds butrfly Salix spp. 3 30' X 30' Native. Used to stabilize stream Native Willows High Sun banks. WL birds butrfly mammals Thuja plicata 5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with Western Red Cedar Any Shade-Part drooping branches. WL birds PNP Tilia cordata 3 40' X 25' Densely pyramidal. Yellow fall Little Leaf Linden Med. Sun-Part leaves. WL hummingbirds Tsuga heterophylla 4 60' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. White Western Hemlock Med. Sun needles. WL birds,butterflies PNP Tsuga mertensiana 4 30' X 15' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Mountain Hemlock Med. Sun-Part Thrives on cool slope. WL birds Native Vines Lonicera cilosa 5 15' X 15' Native deciduous. Orange-yellow Orange Honeysuckle Low shade flowers. WL birds butterflies Lonicera hispidula 5 12' X 12' Native. Drought tolerant. Pink Hairy Honeysuckle Low Sun-Part flowers in summer. WL birds
Go to Plant Native for a list of native plant nurseries.
Where Do We Go When We Die?
The Condensed Bible Story. The main characters and events of the Bible condensed into six pages.
Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials
Perennials by Flower Season and Height
Perennials in Alphabetical Order
Shrubs by Flower Season and Height
Shrubs in Alphabetical Order
Tree Color by Season and Height
Trees in Alphabetical Order
Vine Color by Season and Height
Vines in Alphabetical Order
Annuals, Biennials, Perennials and Bulbs
Fruit Tree Tips
Herbs for the Kitchen and Landscape
Oregon Invasive Plants
Oregon Native Landscape Plants
Planting a Vegetable Garden
Planting in Clay Soil
Preferred Soil pH
Pruning for Shade, Flowers and Fruit
Remove Trees Roots and All
Rod's Garden Pruning
Seasonal Pruning Guide
Trees and Shrubs in the Landscape
Water Wise Gardening
Wildlife Landscape Plants
Winter Plant Protection
Where Do We Go When We Die?
The Condensed Bible Story. The main characters and events of the Bible condensed into six pages.