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Oregon Native Landscape Plants

by Rod Smith
Former Iowa Certified Nurseryman and Oregon Certified Nursery Professional

© 2008-2019 Rodney A. Smith
All rights reserved.

Click on Native Plant Nurseries for a list of native plant nurseries.

PNP indicates that the plant is included in the Portland Native Plant list.

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure

Native Perennials and Groundcovers
Achillea millefolium             3 30" X 2'   Native. White, flat flowers in sum-
  Common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer. Good cut/dried flowers.  PNP
Achyls triphylla                   10" X 6"   Native. Three lobed leaf with stalk
  Vanilla Leaf                  Med. Shade-Part of white flowers above leaf.  PNP
Adiantum aleuticum               5 18" X 18"  Native. Delicate looking leaves    
  Western Maidenhair Fern     Med. Shade        with black stems.             PNP   
Alisma plantago-aquatica         5 12" X 12"  Native. White flowers in June.     
  Water Plaintain             High Sun          Needs constantly wet soil.       
Allium cernuum                   4 15" X 12"  Native. Pink flowers in summer.    
  Nodding Onion               Med. Sun          Great for rock gardens.       PNP       
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery  
  Pearly Everlasting          L-M  Sun          white flowers in late Summer. PNP
Antennaria argentea (luzuloides) 5 15" x 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. White    
  Silver Pussytoes            Low  Sun          flowers in June.                 
Aquilegia formosa                3 15' X 15'    Native. Red flowers in May to Aug. 
  Red Columbine               Low  Sun-Part     Attracts hummers, butterflies.PNP
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi          2 8" X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.    
  Kinnikinnick                Low  Sun-Part     Red berries. Good groundcover.PNP
Armeria maritima                 4 10" X 1'   Native evergreen. Mound of leaves. 
  Sea Thrift                  Med. Sun-Part     Pink or white flowers April-June.
Aruncus sylvester                4 4' X 3'    Native. Creamy white flowers in    
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June and July.                PNP   
Asarum caudatum                  4 4" X 2'    Native. Large, heart shaped leaves.
  Wild Ginger                 High Shade-Part   Brown flowers early Spring.   PNP
Asclepias speciosa               4 4' X 3'    Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept.
  Showy Milkweed              Med. Sun          Feeds hummers, Monarch butterfly. 
Aster subspicatus                5 2' X 2'    Native. Drought tolerant. Purple   
  Douglas Aster               Med. Sun          flowers in summer to fall.    PNP   
Athyrium filix-femina            4 2' X 2'    Fine double cut leaves arch up and 
  Lady Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   out.                          PNP
Balsamorhiza sagittata           4 15" X 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow   
  Arrowleaf Balsamroot        Low  Sun          flowers in spring.               
Blechnum spicant                 7 2' X 2'    Low spreading sterile fronds and   
  Deer Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   upright fertile fronds.       PNP
Boykinia major                   7 2' x 2'    Native. White flowers summer to    
  Large Boykinia              Med. Shade        fall.                            
Camassia quamash                 6 18" X 12"  Native bulb. Blue flowers in       
  Common Camas                High Sun-Part     spring.                       PNP 
Carex barbarae                   5 30" X 30"  Native. Wetlands. Used by native   
  Santa Barbara Sedge         High Sun          Americans to weave baskets.      
Carex obnupta                    5 2' X 2'    Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily.
  Slough Sedge                M-H  Sun-Part     Great for erosion control.       
Carex tumulicola                 8 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of    
  Berkeley Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves.          PNP
Ceanothus prostratus             5 4" X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Purple or
  Prostrate Ceanothus         Low  Sun          blue flowers in June. Groundcover
Clarkia amoena                   4 30" x 2'   Native annual. Drought tolerant.   
  Farewell-to-spring          Low  Sun          Pink flowers in June. Feeds bees.           
Cornus canadensis                1 3" X 2'    Deciduous. White flowers in   
  Bunchberry                  Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Red berries in fall.  PNP
Deschampsia caespitosa           4 18" X 12"  Native. Dark green clump of grass. 
  Tufted Hair Grass           High Sun-Part     Seed stalks produce plantlets.PNP
Dicentra formosa                 3 12" X 18"  Native. Dark fern-like leaves.     
  Western Bleeding Heart      Low  Shade-Part   Pink flowers April to June.   PNP
Disporum hookeri                   18" X 18"  Native. Nodding white flowers in 
  Hooker's Fairy-bell         Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Red berries.          PNP
Dodecatheon dentatum             5 1' x 1'    Native. White flowers in spring. 
  White Shooting Star         Med. Sun          Feeds bees.                   PNP   
Dodecatheon pulchellum           5 1' x 1'    Native. Magenta flowers in spring. 
  Few Flowered Shooting Star  Med. Sun-Part     Feeds bees.                   PNP   
Dryas octopetala                   6" X 6"    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Mountain Avens              Low  Sun          flowers in summer.               
Eleocharis palustris             4 3' X 3'    Native wetland plant. Seed heads on
  Creeping Spike-rush         High Sun	      3' spikes for birds and  amphibians.
Elymus glaucus                   4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue grass.
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun          blue grass.                   PNP
Erigeron glaucus                 7 18' X 18"  Native evergreen. Light purple     
  Seaside Daisy               Med. Sun-Part     flowers spring to fall.          
Erigeron speciosus               3 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. Lavender 
  Showy Fleabane              Med. Sun          petals with yellow center. Summer
Eriogonum umbellatum             4 3' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Sulphur Flower              Low  Sun          Yellow flowers in summer.        
Eriophyllum lanatum              5 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow   
  Oregon Sunshine             Low  Sun          flowers spring to summer.        
Erythronium oregonum             6 12" X 6"   Native. Showy white flowers in     
  White Fawn Lily             Med. Part Shade   spring.                          
Eschscholzia californica         5 1' X 2'    Yellow, pink, or white poppies all 
  California Poppy            L-M  Sun          summer. Remove dead flowers.  PNP   
Festuca occidentalis             4 2' X 2'    Native. Drought tolerant. Blue-    
  Western Fescue              Low  Sun-Part     green foliage.                   
Festuca idahoensis               5 1' X 1'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Idaho Fescue                Low  Sun          Blue foliage.                    
Festuca roemeri                  7 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Roemer's Fescue             Low  Sun          Blue-green foliage.              
Fragaria chiloensis              4 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Wild Strawberry             Med. Sun-Part     flowers in spring. Red berries.  
Fragaria vesca                   6 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.      
  Wood Strawberry             Low  Sun-Part     Drought tolerant.             PNP   
Fragaria virginiana              5 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.      
  Wild Strawberry             Low  Sun-Part     Drought tolerant.             PNP   
Gaillardia aristata              3 2' X 2'    Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze 
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          or red flowers for butterflies.
Gaultheria ovatifolia            8 3" X 12"   Native evergreen groundcover. Pink 
  Oregon Wintergreen          High Part Sun     flowers in summer. Edible berries
Gilia capitata                   4 6" X 1'    Native. Drought tolerant.          
  Bluehead Gilia              Med. Sun                                           
Helenium hoopesii                4 3' x 1'    Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow-  
  Orange Sneezeweed           Med. Sun          orange flowers in summer         
Heuchera micrantha               4 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. White    
  Alum Root                   Low  Sun-Part     flowers spring to summer.     PNP   
Iris douglasiana                  5 15" X 15"  Native. Cream to purple flowers    
  Douglas iris                Med. Shade-Part   in May.                       PNP   
Iris missouriensis               4 2' X 1'    Native. Blue t deep violet flowers 
  Rocky Mountain Iris         Med. Sun          in May. Likes wet soil.          
Iris tenax                       5 15" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers with yellow 
  Oregon iris                 Low  Sun-Part     or white. Drought tolerant.   PNP
Juncus ensofolius                5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet    
  Common Rush                 Med. Sun          soil.                         PNP   
Ligustichum apifolium            7 3' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. White     
  Parsley-leaf Lovage         Low  Sun          flowers in June                  
Lilium columbianum                 30" X 12"  Native. Orange flowers with purplish
  Tiger Lily                  Med. Sun-Part     spots in summer.              PNP
Limnanthes douglasii               15" X 15"  Native self sowing annual.  Yellow 
  Douglas' Meadowfoam         High Sun          and white spring flowers.        
Linum lewisii                    5 15" X 12"  Native. Delicate blue flowers on   
  Blue Flax                   Low  Sun          slender stalks. Drought tolerant.
Lupinus rivularis                  2' X 2'    Native. Purple-blue flowers in     
  Stream-bank Lupine          Med. Part Sun     spring.                          
Lupinus polyphyllus                4' X 1'    Native. Short lived but reseeds.PNP
  Large-leaved Lupine         L-M  Sun-Shade    Blue, purple or violet flowers.
Lysichitum armericanum           6 2' X 1'    Native. Yellowish flower in May.   
  Skunk Cabbage               High Sun-Part     Needs wet soil.               PNP   
Maianthemum dilatatum              1' X 1'    Native. White flowers in spring to 
  False Lily of the Valley    M-H  Part Sun     summer. Spreads.              PNP   
Mimulus guttatus                   18" X 18"  Native. Yellow flowers in spring to
  Yellow Monkey Flower        M-H  Sun-Part     summer. Spreads.                 
Nuphar polysepalum               4 1' X 2'    Native. Yellow flowers in summer.  
  Spatterdock                 High Sun          Grows in 3' to 5' deep water.    
Oxalis oregana                   3 6" X 30"   Native groundcover for shade. White
  Wood Sorrel                 Med. Shade-Part   flowers April-June.           PNP
Penstemon richardsonii             2' X 2'    Native. Pinkish flowers in late    
  Richardson's Penstemon      Med. Part Sun     summer to fall.                  
Penstemon serrulatus               18" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers in summer.  
  Cascade Penstemon           Med. Sun-Part     Good cut flowers.             PNP   
Petasites frigidus                 15" X 15"  Native. White flowers in spring.   
  Sweet Coltsfoot             High Shade-Part   Large round leaves.           PNP           
Phlox diffusa                      4" X 1'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Spreading Phlox             Med. Sun          spring.                       
Polemonium pulcherimum           5 10" X 10"  Native. Drought tolerant. Blue     
  Jacob's Ladder              Low  Sun          flowers in June.                 
Polypodium glycyrrhiza             10" X 10"  Native evergreen. Edible root      
  Licorice Fern               High Shade        tastes like licorice.            
Polystichum munitum              5 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. Excellent for    
  Western Sword Fern          L-M  Shade-Part   woodsy area. Tolerates dry.   PNP
Potentilla pacifica                6" X 1'    Native groundcover. Yellow flowers 
  Pacific Silverweek          Med. Sun          in spring to summer.             
Rubus pedatus                    4 2" X 6'    Native evergreen groundcover. Small
  Evergreen Blackberry        Low  Sun-Part     white flowers. Edible red fruit. 
Sagittaria latifolia             4 2' X 2'    Native. White flowers in late sum- 
  Wapato                      High Sun          mer. Produces edible tuber.      
Saxifraga rufidula                 6" X 6"    Native. White flowers in spring to 
  Rusty-hair Saxifrage        High Part Shade   summer.                          
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. WL hummingbird butterflies
Scirpus microcarpus              5 3' X 3'    Native. White flowers in summer.   
  Small Flowered Bulrush      High Sun-Part                                   PNP   
Sedum lanceolatum                5 3" X 1'    Native groundcover. Yellow flowers 
  Stonecrop                   Low  Sun          in late spring. Drought tolerant.
Sedum oreganum                   7 3" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.      
  Oregon Stonecrop            L-M  Sun          Yellow flowers in summer.     PNP   
Sedum spathulifolium             5 4" X 4"    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Spatula-leaf Stonecrop      Low  Sun-Part     Yellow flowers May to July.   PNP
Sidalcea campestris              7 4' X 18"   Native. Drought tolerant.          
  Meadow-Checkermallow        Med. Sun          Feeds bees and butterflies.  
Sisyrinchium angustifolium         12" X 12"  Native. Reddish-purple flowers in  
  Blue-eyed Grass             Med. Sun          spring.                       PNP   
Sisyrinchium bellum              8 10" X 8"   Native. Drought tolerant. Blue     
  Blue-eyed Grass             Low  Sun          flowers spring to summer.         
Sisyrinchium californicum        8 15" X 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow   
  Yellow-eyed Grass           Low  Part Sun     spring flowers attract butterfly.
Sisyrinchium douglasii             12" X 12"  Native. Reddish-purple flowers in  
  Grass-widow                 Med. Sun          spring.                       PNP   
Smilacina racemosa               3 3' X 1'    Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers.
  False Solomon's Seal        M-H Shade-Part   Red & white speckled fruit.    PNP
Smilacina stellata                 18" x 18"  Native. White flowers in spring to 
  Starry False Solomon's Seal L-M  Shade-Part   summer.                       PNP   
Solidago canadensis              4 3' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow   
  Goldenrod                   Low  Sun          flowers summer to fall.       PNP   
Synthyris reniformis               3" X 3"    Native. Purple blossoms late winter
  Spring Queen                Med. Part Shade   to spring.                       
Tellima grandiflora                2" X 1'    Native. Pink flowers in spring to  
  Fringe Cup                  Med. Part Shade   Summer. Spreads.                 
Thalictrum occidentale           6 30' X 30'  Native. Drought tolerant. Pink and 
  Western Meadow Rue          Med. Part Shade   green flowers spring to summer.  
Tiarella trifoliata                10" X 12"  Native. Small white flowers in dense
  Foamflower                  Med. Shade        patches.                      PNP
Tolmiea menziesii                  2' X 2'    Native. Maroon flowers in spring to
  Piggyback Plant             M-H  Shade-Part   Summer. Spreads.              PNP   
Trillium ovatum                  4 1' X 6"    Native. Three leaves with white    
  Western Trillium            Med. Shade-Part   flowers in March. Acid soil.  PNP
Typha latifolia                  4 6' X 4'    Native bog plant. Makes thick      
  Cattails                    High Sun          clumps in moist soil.         PNP
Vancouveria hexandra               10" X 8"   Native. White flowers spring to    
  Inside-out Flower           L-M  Sun-Shade    summer.                       PNP   
Veratrum californicum           3 5' X 2'    Native. Green flowers May-June.  
  California Corn Lily        High Shade-Part   Deep veined leaves. Poisonous roots.   
Viola adunca                       4" X 6"    Native. Purple flowers in spring to
  Early Blue Violet           Med. Shade-Part   summer. Attracts butterflies.    
Viola glabella                   6 8" X 8"    Native. Small heart-shaped flowers.
  Yellow Wood Violet          Med. Shade-Part   Small yellow spring flowers.  PNP
Viola sempervirens                 4" X 6"    Native evergreen. Pale yellow flow-
  Evergreen Violet            Med. Shade-Part   er.
Woodwardia fimbriata             8 6' X 5'    Native. Drought tolerant. Evergreen
  Giant Chain Fern            Med. Part Shade   fronds.                          
   
Shrubs
Amelanchier alnifolia            4 10' X 6'   Native. White flowers in Spring.   
  Western Serviceberry        Med. Sun-Part     Purplish berries feed birds.  PNP
Arctostaphylos columbiana        7 6' X 6'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Hairy Manzanita             Low  Sun          Pink flowers in spring.          
Azalea occidentale               4 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant flowers   
  Western Azalea              Med. Sun-Part     for hummingbirds and butterflies.   
Ceanothus integerrimus           5 8' X 6'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush  Low  Sun-Part     Blue flowers in late Spring     .
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus           7 15' X 10'  Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Blue Blossom                Low  Sun          Blue blossoms in spring and fall.
Ceanothus velutinus var. laeve.  1 15' X 15'  Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Mountain Balm               Low  Sun          White flowers in mid-spring.  PNP
Cercocarpus ledifolius           3 12' X 10'  Evergreen. Yellow funnel flowers in
  Curl-leaf Mtn. Mahogany     Low  Sun-Part     spring. Drought tolerant.        
Clematis columbiana              4 1' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Violet-  
  Rock Clematis               Med. Sun          blue flowers in spring.          
Cornus sericea occidentalis      3 8' X 8'    Deciduous native. Drought tolerant.
  Red Osier Dogwood           Med. Sun-Part     White flowers in spring.      PNP
Corylus cornuta var. califor.    3 20' X 20'  Native deciduous. Suckers freely
  Hazelnut                    Med. Sun-Part     for hedge. Yellow Fall leaves.
Fuchsia magellanica              4 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Violet, white and
  Hardy Fuchsia               High Part Shade   red flowers July-Oct.
Garrya elliptica                 5 8' X 8'    Evergreen native. Leaves with woolly
  Coast Silk Tassel           Low  Sun-Part     yellowish catkins in January.
Gaultheria shallon               6 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Salal                       L-M  Sun-Shade    spring. Black edible berries. PNP
Heteromeles arbutifolia          7 8' X 5'    Deciduous native. Drought tolerant.
  Toyon                       Low  Sun          white flowers summer. Red berries
Holodiscus discolor              4 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Ocean Spray                 Low  Sun-Part     May to July. Drought tolerant.PNP
Juniperus communis               3 1' X 6'    Native evergreen. Many forms. Very 
  Common Juniper              Low  Sun          drought tolerant. Berries. 
Linnaea borealis                   6" X 2'    Native evergreen. Pairs of fragrant
  Twinflower                  Med. Sun-Part     pink flowers in May.          PNP
Lonicera involucrata             3 8' X 7'    Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in
  Black Twinberry             Med. Sun-Part     May. Black berries.           PNP
Mahonia aquifolium               5 5' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Oregon Grape                Low  Sun-Shade    March. Black, edible berries. PNP
Mahonia nervosa                  6 2' X 4'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Leatherleaf Mahonia         L-M  Sun-Part     spring. Drought tolerant.     PNP   
Mahonia repens                   4 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Creeping Oregon Grape       L-M  Sun-Shade    spring. Blue berries in Fall. 
Myrica californica               7 10' X 8'   Native evergreen. Excellent hedge  
  California Wax Myrtle       Low  Sun-Shade    or screen.                       
Oemleria cerasiformis            6 8' X 5'    Native. Drought Tolerant. Yellow   
  Indian Plum                 Low  Shade-Part   flowers in April.             PNP   
Philadelphus lewisii             4 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant white   
  Native Mockorange           Low  Sun-Part     summer flowers. Fall yellow.  PNP
Physocarpus capitatus            2 12' X 10'    Native. White flowers in spring.   
  Native Ninebark             M-H  Sun-Part     Tolerates wet to medium soil. PNP
Populus trichocarpa                100' X 25' Native. Stabilizes stream banks. 
  Black Cottonwood            Med. Sun          Cottony seeds.                PNP
Prunus virginiana                2 15' X 10'  Native deciduous. Clusters of white
  Choke Cherry                Med. Sun-Part     flowers. Black berries. 
Rhododendron macrophyllum        5 8' x 8'    Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Pacific Rhododendron        Med. Shade-Part   late spring.                  PNP   
Ribes sanguineum                 5 6' X 4'    Native deciduous. Red flowers in   
  Red Flowering Currant       L-M  Sun-Shade    March and April. Dark berries.PNP
Rosa gymnocarpa                  7 5' X 3'    Native deciduous. Pink flowers in
  Baldhip Rose                L-M  Sun-Part     summer. Red hips in Fall.     PNP
Rosa nutkana                     5 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Pink roses in    
  Nootka Rose                 L-M  Sun-Part     June. Orange hips in fall.    PNP
Rosa pisocarpa                   7 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Pink roses in
  Swamp Rose                  L_M  Sun          May-July. Edible red hips.    PNP
Rosa woodsii                     5 6' x 6'    Native deciduous. Drought Tolerant.
  Wood's Rose                 Med. Sun-Part     Pink flowers in summer. Spreads. 
Rubus parviflorus                3 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Thimbleberry                L-M  Sun-Shade    May to June. Edible berry.    PNP
Rubus spectabilis                7 5' X 5'    Native. Deep pink flowers in Spring
  Salmonberry                 M-H  Sun-Part     and edible berries in Summer. PNP
Salix exigua                     4 15' X 15'  Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Narrowleaf Willow           Med. Shade        White catkins in spring.         
Sambucus cerulea                 4 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Blue Elderberry             Low  Sun-Part     Edible berries feed wildlife. PNP                                
Sambucus racemosa                4 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drought tol.  PNP
  Red Elderberry              Low  Sun          Inedible red berries feed birds.                                 
Shepherdia argenteus             2 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red 
  Silver Buffalo Berry        Any  Sun-Part     berries attract birds.           
Sorbus scopulina                 3 10' X 10'  Native. Drought tolerant. White    
  Cascade Mountain Ash        Low  Sun          flowers. Red berries.
Spiraea betulifolia              4 30" X 30"  Native. Drought tolerant. White    
  Birchleaf Spirea            Med. Sun          flowers in late spring.          
Spiraea douglasii                4 5' X 4'    Native. Clusters of pink flowers in
  Hardhack Spirea             Med. Sun-Part     summer. White leaf underside. PNP
Streptopus amplexifolius           30" X 1'   Native. Yellow flowers in May-July.
  Clasping Leaf Twisted-stalk Med. Shade-Part   Edible red berries.           PNP
Symphoricarpos albus             3 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Common Snowberry            L-M  Sun-Shade    May. White berries in Summer. PNP
Symphoricarpos mollis            3 15" X 3'   Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Creeping Snowberry          Low  Sun-Shade    May. White berries in Summer. PNP
Vaccinium membranaceum           5 4' X 4'    Native. Drought tolerant. White    
  Thin-leaf Huckleberry       Low  Shade        flowers in summer. Edible fruit. 
Vaccinium ovatum                 7 4' X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Evergreen Huckleberry       Med. Shade-Part   spring. Edible black berries. PNP
Vaccinium parvifolium            5 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  Red Huckleberry             Med. Part Shade   April-May. Edible red berries.PNP
Viburnum trilobum                2 10' X 10'  Native deciduous. White flowers in 
  High Bush Cranberry         Med. Sun-Part     spring to summer.  Fall fruit.   

Trees
Abies grandis                    5 200' X 40' Native. Pyramidal evergreen. Likes 
  Grand Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     cool, moist soil.             PNP   
Abies lasiocarpa                 5 25' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Alpine Fir                  Med. Sun-Part     Likes cool, moist soil.          
Abies procera                    5 90' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Short  
  Noble Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     stiff branches.                  
Acer circinatum                  6 15' X 10'  Native tree with multiple trunks.  
  Vine Maple                  Med. Sun-Part     Red Fall leaves.              PNP
Acer macrophyllum                5 70' X 60'  Native. Large spreading tree with  
  Bigleaf Maple               L-M  Shade-Part   big leaves. Yellow in Fall.   PNP
Alnus rubra                      4 80' X 40'  Native. Fast growing. Yellow Fall  
  Red Alder                   High Sun-Part     leaves. Attracts birds.       PNP                  
Arbutus menziesii                3 40' X 40'  Native evergreen. White flowers in 
  Madrona                     Low  Sun-Part     Spring. Fruit.              
Betula papyrifera                2 50' X 35'  Oval shape. White bark. Yellow Fall
  Paper Or Canoe Birch        Med. Sun          leaves. 
Calocedrus decurrens             6 75' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra-   
  Incense Cedar               Low  Sun-Part     grant twigs.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana         6 40' X 20'  Native evergreen. Pyramidal shape  
  Port Orford Cedar           Med. Sun-Part     with drooping branches.          
Cornus nuttallii                 4 40' X 20'  Native. Large white flowers in May.
  Pacific Dogwood             Low  Sun-Part     Red Fall leaves. Likes dry.   PNP
Corylus cornuta                    12' X 10'  Native. Edible nuts called filberts.
  Western Hazelnut            Med  Sun-Part                                   PNP    
Crataegus douglasii              5 30'X 20'   Native. Clusters of white flowers. 
  Oregon Hawthorn             Med. Sun-Part     Large edible scarlet berries. PNP   
Crataegus suksdorfii             7 30' x 20'  Native. White flowers in spring.   
  Klamath Hawthorn            Low  Sun          Black fruit. Thorns.             
Juniperus scopulorum             3 15' X 8'   Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue  
  Rocky Mountain Juniper      Low  Sun          needles. Drought tolerant.       
Malus fusca                      4 25' X 25'  Native. White flowers in spring.PNP   
  Pacific Crabapple           Med. Sun-Part     Yellow or red fruit attract birds
Picea sitchensis                 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist  
  Sitka Spruce                L-M  Sun-Part     but well drained soil.        PNP   
Pinus contorta contorta          5 25' X 25'  Native rounded evergreen.          
  Shore Pine                  Low  Sun          Drought and salt tolerant.       
Pinus contorta latifolia         4 80' X 20'  Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree.
  Lodgepole Pine              Low  Sun          Short needles in bundles of two. 
Pinus contorta murrayana         4 60' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Murrayana Pine              Low  Sun          Narrow in groves, Wide alone.    
Pinus ponderosa                  3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles.    
  Ponderosa Pine              Low  Sun          Black and orange bark.        PNP
Populus tremuloides              3 30' X 15'  Native. Leaves flutter in a slight 
  Quaking Aspen               Med. Sun-Part     breeze. Golden Fall leaves.   PNP
Prunus emarginata 'mollis'       4 70' X 30'  Native. Small white flowers. Small
  Bitter Cherry               Med. Shade-Part   bitter cherries attract birds.PNP   
Prunus virginiana                2 20' X 20'  Native. White flowers in April.    
  Chokecherry                 Med. Sun-Part     Yellow-orange fall leaves.    PNP
Pseudotsuga menziesii            4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast   
  Douglas Fir                 L-M  Sun-Part     growing.                      PNP
Quercus garryana                 6 65' X 50'  Native. Red fall leaves. Needs good
  Oregon White Oak            Low  Sun          drainage.                     PNP   
Rhamnus purshiana                  30' X 20'  Native. Purplish black berries 
  Cascara, Buckthorn          Med. Sun-Part     attract birds.                PNP
Rhus glabra                      3 12' X 15'  Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall
  Smooth Sumac                Low  Sun          leaves. Red berries attract birds
Salix spp.                       3 30' X 30'  Native. Used to stabilize stream
  Native Willows              High Sun          banks.
Thuja plicata                    5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with      
  Western Red Cedar           Any  Shade-Part   drooping branches.            PNP
Tsuga heterophylla               4 60' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. White  
  Western Hemlock             Med. Sun-Part     band on bottom of needles.    PNP
Tsuga mertensiana                4 30' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Mountain Hemlock            Med. Sun-Part     Thrives on cool, moist slope.    
Umbellularia californica         7 25' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.    
  Oregon Myrtle               Low  Sun-Part     Tiny yellow flowers in spring.

Vines
Lonicera cilosa                  5 15' X 15'  Native. Drought tolerant. Orange 
  Orange Honeysuckle          Low  Shade        flowers attract hummingbirds. PNP
Lonicera hispidula               5 12' X 12'  Native. Drought tolerant. Pink         
  Pink Honeysuckle            Low  Sun-Part     flowers attract hummingbirds. PNP

Click on Native Plant Nurseries for a list of native plant nurseries.

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Where Do We Go When We Die?
The Condensed Bible Story. The main characters and events of the Bible condensed into six pages.

Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials
Perennials by Flower Season and Height
Perennials in Alphabetical Order
Shrubs by Flower Season and Height
Shrubs in Alphabetical Order
Tree Color by Season and Height
Trees in Alphabetical Order
Vine Color by Season and Height
Vines in Alphabetical Order

Annuals, Biennials, Perennials and Bulbs
Edible Landscaping
Fall Planting
Fruit Tree Tips
Herbs for the Kitchen and Landscape
House Plants
Improving Soil
Lacebug Control
Landscape Design
Lawn Care
Oregon Invasive Plants
Oregon Native Landscape Plants
Pest Control
Plant Nutrients
Plant Propagation
Planting a Vegetable Garden
Planting in Clay Soil
Preferred Soil pH
Pruning for Shade, Flowers and Fruit
Remove Trees Roots and All
Rod's Garden Pruning
Roses
Seasonal Pruning Guide
Trees and Shrubs in the Landscape
Water Wise Gardening
Wildlife Landscaping
Wildlife Landscape Plants
Winter Plant Protection

Where Do We Go When We Die?
The Condensed Bible Story. The main characters and events of the Bible condensed into six pages.



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